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CastrLn, Matthias Alexander

( famous linguist)

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Biography CastrLn, Matthias Alexander
Finnolog can say the founder of the Ural-Altaic linguistics, was born December 2, 1813, in Gervolo, in the province Uleoborg, studied at the University of Helsingfors, where he became interested in Finnish folk verbiage. In 1838, Mr.. he undertook a journey on foot in Finnish Lapland, and in 1840, Mr.. - In Karelia, and gathered a lot of data on local dialects and folk art. In 1841 - 44 years, he conducted research among the Lapps, . and then among the Samoyeds in the Archangel and Tobolsk Province, in 1845 - 49 years, traveled, . the means of the Imperial Academy of Sciences and the University of Helsingfors, . northern Russia, . Urals, . was at Voguls and Ostyaks, . then in the Altai and Sayan, . everywhere gather linguistic and household data,
. The results of these studies were presented to them in a series of articles and letters in the Finnish magazine, . the bulletins of St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, . and partly in public lectures, . published later in book, . in German, . Academy of Sciences, . namely: "Reise-Erinnerungen aus den Jahren 1838 - 41", . 1853; "Reiseberichte und Briefe aus den Jahren 1845 - 49", . 1856; "Ethnolog,
. Vorlesungen uber die altaischen Volker ", 1857; Vorlesungen uber die finnische Mythologie" 1858; "Kleinere Schriften", 1862; last work had already come to the author's death. CastrLn took a group of Ural-Altaic languages as something in common, differences in its five divisions or branches: Finnish, Samoyed, Tungus, Mongol and Turkic. As he met relatives of Sayan Samoyed, there still exist traces of the Samoyed, hence he concluded that the Samoyed came to the North from the South, from the headwaters of the Yenisei. From the same places and he led the Finns, who have spread, in his opinion, from southern Siberia on the Ob river, crossed the Urals and then colonized the northern and central Russia. With regard to the Samoyed, the arrival of the south of Siberia is very likely, but the Finns on the hypothesis Castro is quite a problematic and rejected the latest finnologami. D. A.


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