Kotoshikhin Grigory Karpovich( Writer)
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Biography Kotoshikhin Grigory Karpovich
Since the late 50-ies the XVII century was the assistant clerks in the embassy Order. Consisting of the Embassy and the Prince Prozorovskiy Ordin-Nashchokin, participated in the negotiations concluded Kardisskim peace with Sweden. In 1663, Mr.. entered into relations with the Swedish Commissioner Ebers, who reported for the money up with the secret instructions given by the Russian authorized on the issue of money claims. In early 1664, Mr.. Kotoshikhin was sent to standing on the Dnieper army of Prince Cherkassky and Prince Prozorovskiy order for stationery Affairs. Cherkasky, who succeeded and Prozorovskiy voivod Prince Yuri Dolgoruky demanded Kotoshikhin that he wrote a denunciation of his predecessors. Unwilling to fulfill this requirement and the fear of retaliation Dolgoruky Kotoshikhin fled, first to Poland, then in Prussia, and Lubeck and, finally, in Narva, where he was sent to Stockholm. Abroad, he took the name of Ivan Alexander Selitsky. In Stockholm, he was accepted into the Swedish service, and classified as State archives. Here he wrote an essay about Russia in the reign of Alexei Mikhailovich. For murder in the drunken owner of the house in which he lived Kotoshikhin, upon conviction, he was beheaded in Stockholm, in 1667, Mr.. Manuscript writings Kotoshikhin, in the Swedish translation, was in several libraries in Sweden. In 30 of the last century of its existence knew AI. Turgenev. In 1837, Mr.. Helsingfors University Professor SV. Solovyov has found its translation in the Stockholm public archive, and in 1838, Mr.. it was opened and the Russian original in the library of Uppsala University. Composing Kotoshikhin divided into 13 chapters, . in which he treats of the kings and the royal family, . their way of life, . court ceremonies, . of the king's men of rank and servitors, . Relations of the Moscow tsars with foreign sovereigns, . of the palace economy, . Orders, . cities, . their management, . the organization of troops, . on trade people and trade, . the peasants, . of the boyars and their way of life,
. Familiar with all aspects of the life of the Moscow State Kotoshikhin said precious data for the study of public and social life of pre-Petrine. Actual errors are few and unimportant. Mastered many Western views, Kotoshikhin negatively related to outdated organization of the Moscow State against prejudice, ignorance and immorality of the Moscow Society. Composing Kotoshikhin issued by the Imperial Commission in 1840, 1859, 1884 and 1906 (most complete) gg. - See. Article. YA.K. Grotto in the Collection Division of the Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences "(t. XXIX, 1882) and AI. Markiewicz, Grigorii Karpovich Kotoshikhin and his essay on the Moscow State XVII century "(The best book on Kotoshikhin, Odessa, 1895).