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Krusenstern Ivan

( Russian admiral)

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Biography Krusenstern Ivan
(1770 - 1846). In 1793, Mr.. sent to study naval science in England, the English ship took part in battles with the French courts, swimming in the Bay of Bengal, to open Russian trade route to the East Indies. Interest in Russian fur trade with China, . which ran from Okhotsk by land to Kyakhta, . Krusenstern came to the conclusion, . that it is more profitable could go straight, . sea, and he had also intended to establish direct relations with the Metropolitan Russian-American possessions,
. In 1802. Emperor Alexander I approved a project Krusen, for the execution of which it was decided to equip the first Russian expedition round the world. Under the command of Krusenstern expedition, consisting of 2 ships, with an assistant Krusen, Captain Lieutenant Lisyansky, astronomer Horner, naturalists Tilesius and Langsdorf, in 1803, Mr.. sailed from Kronstadt, rounded Cape Horn, in the north Pacific, drew special attention to Kamchatka, the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. In his notes about this trip (St. Petersburg, 1809 - 1813) Krusenstern talks about what he had seen them on the road, especially on the life and customs of savages; excellent for its time, replete with Krusen atlas maps, plans and drawings. Lisyanskii rules of the second ship of the expedition and was sometimes separated from the first, in his book on the same trip (St. Petersburg, 1812) is a detailed description of the shores of Sitka and Kodiak Island. Return (1806), Krusenstern was detailed instruction the second voyage of exploration under the command of Kotzebue. Further major works Krusenstern: "Worter-Sammlungen aus den Sprachen einiger Volker des ostlichen Asiens und der Nordwestkuste von Amerika" (St. Petersburg, . 1813); "Memoire sur une carte du detroit de la Sonde et de la rade de Batavia" (St. Petersburg, . 1813); "Beitrage zur Hydrographie d,
. grosseren Oceane "(Leipzig, 1819)" Atlas South Sea ", with the application of hydrographic notes, under the title:" Collected Works, employees collated and explanations of the Atlas South Sea "(St. Petersburg, 1823, 1826; addition, St. Petersburg., 1835 - 1836 ). In 1827 Krusenstern appointed Director of Marine Cadet Corps and a member of the Admiralty Board. In 1874,. Krusenstern opened in St. Petersburg on the Neva embankment, against the Marine Corps, Monument. - Wed. "Military Collegiate Lexicon (t. VII, Article. AI. Green); "St.-Petersb. Zeitung "(1839? 28 - 37, and separately; article academician Baer); Litke" Notes "Hydrographic Society (1847, Book II); Sokolov" Notes "Hydrographic Department (VIII, 1850)," Sea Collection "(1869, ? 6); AN. Pypin "History of Russian Ethnography (t. IV); Venyukov "Apercu hist. des decouvertes geographiques etc. "; Ivashinsev" Review Russian world tours "(St. Petersburg, 1850). In 1856, Mr.. released in London, English translation of a book on Krusenstern ( "Memoir of the celebrated admiral A. J. K. etc. "), composed in German-law Krusen, Bernhard.

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