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Kulibin Ivan Petrovich

( self-taught mechanic)

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Biography Kulibin Ivan Petrovich
photo Kulibin Ivan Petrovich
(1735 - 1818), son of Nizhny Novgorod townsman. His youth interested in inventing and staging of various intricate weathervanes, and especially the device of a wooden house the clock mechanism. Due to the monetary support of Nizhny Novgorod merchant, MA. Kostromina, Kulibin managed to carry out a device very difficult hours, took the form of eggs: it hourly dissolved small royal doors, behind which we could see the Holy Sepulcher, with armed soldiers on both sides. The angel rolled the stone from the tomb, the guard fell to their knees, were the two myrrh; chimes played three times in the prayer Christ is Risen, and the doors shut. At the invitation of the Director of the Academy of Sciences, Count Vladimir Grigorievich Orlov, Kulibin moved to St. Petersburg and in 1770, Mr.. entered the service at the Academy. In response to a challenge to the British to make "the best model of the bridge, which would consist of one arch or vault without the piles, and have been approved by their ends only on the banks of the river," Kulibin in December 1776. demonstrated at the academic court, before a gathering of scientists, 14-six-foot model of the bridge, for which he was awarded a large gold medal. Invented for the machine vodohodstva Court "(1782)," the ship went anti water, using the same water, without any outside force ... ". With the help of ordinary mirrors Kulibin highlighted the dark passages of Tsarskoe Selo palace, arranged electrophoresis pocket, a large burning-glass, a special system of water mills, tricycles samokatku. In 1801, Mr.. Kulibin dismissed of his duties as mechanics at the Academy of Sciences. Almost all the forgotten and impoverished (fire in 1813. deprived him of almost all the property), Kulibin in 1814, Mr.. presented a draft of the iron three-arch bridge across the Neva, a model which is stored in the museum of the Institute of Railway Engineers. Extremely capable, Kulibin was badly educated, and often labored over what was already known to him. The first biographical information about Kulibin placed in the "Experience of a dictionary of Russian writers' NI. Novikova, his biography - in the Fatherland Notes Svinin separately (St. Petersburg, 1819). - See. "Portrait Gallery" A. Munster (t. II); "Proceedings of Kulibin" ( "Readings in the History and Antiquities of Russian", 1862,? 1); I.F. Gorbunov Ivan Kulibin "(" Russian Antiquities ", 1872," 4 and 5).


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Kulibin Ivan Petrovich, photo, biography
Kulibin Ivan Petrovich, photo, biography Kulibin Ivan Petrovich  self-taught mechanic, photo, biography
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