Litta Julius Pompeevich( Eminent Catholicism in Russia)
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Biography Litta Julius Pompeevich
(1763 - 1839). Milanese by birth, Litta served in the Order of Malta. In 1789, Mr.. he went to Russia and was adopted into the fleet captain commander. In the first battle rochensalmskom (1789) he commanded the right flank and galleys for bravery was promoted to rear admiral. Second rochensalmskoe battle in which Litta commanded the vanguard - the light flotilla, ended in complete defeat of the Russian navy. Empress sent Litta travel to Italy, "continue to demand". On the accession of Emperor Paul Litta was in St. Petersburg with a petition to return the Order of Malta revenues Priory of Ostrog in Volhynia, which, on the second partition of Poland, moved to Russia, with those proceeds have been directed to the Revenue. Paul I not only returned the Order of these revenues, but increased them to 300 thousand zloty, has approved the existence of the Order in Russia and Russia established the Grand Priory of the Order of 10 commanderies; one of these commanderies was rewarded Litta. Litta received the title of Count and was appointed Minister Plenipotentiary of the Order in Russia's court. When the emperor, in 1798, took the title of Grand Master of the Order, Litta became his deputy and has influenced the course of public affairs. He managed to convince the emperor that maintaining order, you can connect it all the nobility of Europe and create a powerful military stronghold of Christianity against unbelief and monarchies against the Jacobins. Married to the niece of Potemkin, Countess Skavronskaia, Litta became the owner of vast estates and capital, consolidated its position in high society, and persuaded the emperor to the restoration of the Jesuits in Russia. Arrogance of the papal nuncio, brother Litta (Lawrence), suspended the progress Litta. Lawrence Litta was sent from St. Petersburg, and the Litta dismissed (1799). In 1810, Mr.. He was again taken to the service and was appointed a member of the Council of State. - Wed. Moroshkin "The Jesuits in Russia" (1870).