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Mikhail Lunin

( Decembrist)

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Biography Mikhail Lunin
photo Mikhail Lunin
(1783 - 1845). Received an excellent education. In the war of 1812 - 1814 period showed an extraordinary boldness and courage. Close to the Emperor Alexander I, who liked him for his extraordinary veracity, Lunin brought upon himself the displeasure of his outburst against the government of Louis XVIII on the execution of Ney. Not receiving production colonels and wherewith his presence of senior and junior, left the service without permission and went to Paris, where he lived from hand to mouth, rotating in revolutionary circles and conservative salons. He drew the attention of Saint-Simon. Upon his return to Warsaw, he made friends with Crown Prince Constantine Pavlovich, who predicted the Polish uprising. When the arrests began, the Grand Duke Constantine tried to defend Lunin, who was one of the ideological leaders of the movement, and gave Lunin time to flee abroad; Lunin considered cowardice and the flight was arrested. During the investigation answered sharply and was assigned to the II category (20 years prison) for having "participated in the intent of regicide consent to the adoption of the intent of rebellion in the secret society members and the institution of lithography for editions of works of society". In prison, he kept aloof from the majority of his comrades, going more and more into mysticism (he was in Paris became a Catholic). At the settlement (from 1836) he built a Catholic chapel. In a sharp letter of the Russian order, and for the excellent analysis of the reports the Commission of Inquiry, published in London, Lunin was cut off from the land he cultivated, and imprisoned in ACAT, where he died. His mood in recent years, expressed in the following lines: "My life is held alternately between visible beings who do not understand me, and being invisible, which I do not understand. Egyptian darkness hide it from my eyes, but I guess it's beauty ". According to him, in England he would be "so some of the opposition". His "Analysis of the reports the Commission of Inquiry" and "Look at the Secret Society" published in "Polar Star" Herzen (Book 6-I, Leipzig, 1861); first work erroneously attributed to Nikita Muraviev. Some of the letters Lunin - in the "Polar Star" (Book 5 th, 1859). - Wed. "Notes" IPP. Auger ( "Russian Archive", 1877, I - II); "Notes" Baron Rosen (St. Petersburg, 1907); D. Zavalishin "Decembrist Lunin" ( "Historical Journal, 1880, I); N.A. Murzalov "to the biography Decembrist Lunin" ( "Russian Antiquity", 1914, Book III), which shows the will Lunin on the abolition of serfdom in his behalf in the structure of "Lunin," (in Russian Biographical Dictionary "Labzin-Liashenko, St. Petersburg. , 1914).


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