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Mel'gunov Alexei Petrovich

( Statesman)

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Biography Mel'gunov Alexei Petrovich
(1722 - 1788). Mel'gunov educated in the land gentry case was then his chief, made friends with the Grand Duke Peter Godunov, and was his aide (1756). When the Grand Duke became emperor, Mel'gunov became very influential. Catherine, with whom at this time he led a double game, treated it, according to the accession, with distrust and appointed him as if in honorary exile Novorossiysk Governor (1763). Best for that time Melgunov report on the reform of public education led him to St. Petersburg, he was appointed to the commission on land survey, then a senator for the Moscow department and president of the Chambers College. In 1767, Mr.. Mel'gunov presented a draft reform of its board and was a deputy from it in Catherine's Commission. Having failed with the project, and, perhaps, in an effort to play a role in the commission, Mel'gunov cooled to its board, but remained its president until 1777, Mr.. At this time, it seems, is set pretty liberal, and therefore in opposition to Catherine. In 1777, Mr.. He was appointed governor of Yaroslavl and Vologda. In this post Mel'gunov much work to improve the administration of food aid to the population, the establishment of national education. Almost with his involvement emerged first in Russia, a provincial magazine Poshehonets Texas, focuses on issues of local life and description of cities and counties governorship. With slim transformative plans, the broad objectives, humane and educational activities Melgunov difficult to relate to contemporaries of him as unworthy of bribes - Peter's favorite. Mel'gunov liked science classes. Russian archeology owes him "Melgunovskim treasure" of the Hermitage. - See. A. Trefolev "A.P. Mel'gunov "(" Russian Archive ", 1865, 9), a complement to it" Vologzhanina "(ib., 12); Bilbasov" History of Catherine II "(t. II, Berlin, 1891), "History of the Senate of the government" (II, St. Petersburg, 1911), H. Chechulin "Essays on the history of Russian finances in the reign of Catherine II" (St. Petersburg, 1906).


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