Menshutkin Nikolai( famous chemist)
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Biography Menshutkin Nikolai
(1842 - 1907). He graduated from the course of St. Petersburg University in the department of natural sciences of physics and mathematics faculty. In 1866, Mr.. defended his master's thesis: "On the hydrogen of phosphoric acid, the failure to the replacement of metal," in 1869. doctoral thesis: "Synthesis and properties of ureido". Consisted professor of chemistry at the University of. In 1902, Mr.. Menshutkin left university and was appointed dean of the metallurgical department of St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute, where he remained dean until 1906, then remained full professor until the end of life. Teaching Menshutkin not limited to lectures on organic and analytical chemistry, but he was the first to introduce compulsory practical training in analytical chemistry. For this purpose, he published the textbook "Analytical Chemistry", which went through in life Menshutkin 9 publications (10 th and 11 th edition. recycled Menshutkin son, Boris Nikolayevich Menshutkin, St. Petersburg, 1908 and 1913) and translated into German and English. Then Menshutkin published "Lectures in Organic Chemistry" and "Essay on the development of chemical beliefs". In the early years of scientific activity in the study of phosphoric acid Menshutkin attempted to apply to the study of inorganic acids, methods, worked out for organic spirtokislot. Organic chemistry of particular value are working on derivatives of uric acid and acid amides. Menshutkin worked in physical chemistry, on chemical mechanics: the influence of isomerism of alcohols and acids on the formation of esters, for which he won the Russian Physico-Chemical Society of NN. Sokolova. In 1868, Mr.. formed Russian Chemical Society, where Menshutkin was business manager until 1891, Mr.. and editor of the society. Work Menshutkin but separate editions were published in the Journal of Russian Physico-Chemical Society and the French and German magazines. The list is printed in a "biographical dictionary of the professors of St. Petersburg University Publishing. 1898. His last large work was "On the rate of chemical reactions, etc.". Menshutkin was also vowel county Zemsky meeting Luga district, provincial vowel Zemsky Meeting St. Petersburg Province, participated in the congresses of rural and urban workers and others. Menshutkin biography written by his son (cm. above).