Miller, Vsevolod Fedorovich( One of the best researchers bylevoy Russian poetry)
Comments for Miller, Vsevolod Fedorovich
Biography Miller, Vsevolod Fedorovich
(1846 - 1913), the chief representative of the Moscow ethnographic school, the son of the poet F.B. Miller (see), he studied at the hostel Ennesa, then the historical-philological faculty of Moscow University, had earlier independently began to study Sanskrit. The University specifically studied Italian language and history of Italian painting and classical art. He was on faculty at the University of comparative grammar. In 1871, for the practical study of the Lithuanian language, he, together with F.F. Fortunatova traveled to Suvalki province, where he recorded over 100 songs and 20 stories (published. in 1873. in Izvestia Moscow University). During a trip abroad published in Czech: "Arijsky Mitra" (in "Casopis Mus.") And two articles in "Zeitschr." Kuhn'a. Defended his master's thesis "Asviny-Dioscuri" (Moscow, 1876), read Sanskrit and ancient history of the East, taught at higher rates of female professors Guerrier history of Russian and Old Russian literature. In 1877, Mr.. published a book: "Look at the Lay". In 1877 and 1880 years, Miller published together with the MM. Kovalevsky "Critical Review". After a trip to the Caucasus, in 1879, Miller took up the study of comparative grammar of the Iranian languages of the Caucasus and the Caucasian ethnography. After capturing the Ossetian language, he went in 1880. the mountains and down there Ossetia Ossetian legends and traditions. The result was a trip Part 1 "Ossetian etudes" (Moscow, 1881), containing texts with Russian translation, and notes. In 1882, Mr.. issued II h. "Ossetian etudes, containing grammatical studies and a chapter on the religious beliefs of the Ossetians. Both were part of a doctorate thesis on. In 1883, Mr.. committed more trip to the Caucasus (description of travel in the Journal of Europe ", 1884,? 4). Consisted chairman of the ethnographic department of the Society of Naturalists, then, one time president of the entire society; Dashkovskaya was the curator of the ethnographic museum. Has published 3 issues of "Collection of Materials on the ethnography" (1885, 1887 and 1888) and 4 issues of "systematic description of collections Dashkovskaya Ethnographic Museum" (1887 - 1895). In 1886. Miller, excavated in the Crimea and went to the archaeological research in Chechnya, Ossetia and Mountain Society Kabarda; trip was the result of 1-st issue of the Materials on the archeology of the Caucasus ". In this same trip Miller recorded texts Tati dialect of Mountain Jews, the texts are 1-second part of "Judeo-Mountain Etudes, ed. Academy of Sciences under the title: "Materials for the study of Judeo-Tat language" (1892). In 1887, Mr.. advanced III h. "Ossetian etudes, containing a study on the history of the Ossetians and linguistic notes and materials. In 1892, Mr.. Miller joined the department of Russian language and literature, leaving behind and the teaching of Sanskrit. Since then, his numerous independent works revolve mainly in the field of Russian bylevogo epic. Principal work, . addition to the above: "On the comparative method, the author of Russian descent epic" (in "conversation Society of Lovers of Russia Letters", . III, . Moscow, . 1871), . "Title Dnieper rapids in Constantine Porphyrogenitus (" Antiquities of the Moscow Archaeological Society, . 1887, . t,
. V), "On lyutom beast folk songs" (ibid., t. VII), "The eastern and western Relatives of a Russian fairy tale" ( "Proceedings of the Ethnographic Department of the Society of Naturalists and others," Prince. IV, . 1877), . "Le role du chien dans kes croyances mytholigiques" ( "Atti del VI congresso degli orientalisti", . Florensky, . II), . "Notes on the collection Verkovicha" ( "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", . 1877, . ? 10), . "On the Bulgarian folk songs Verkovicha" (Journal of Europe ", . 1877), . Apropos Trajan and Bayan Lay "(" Journal of the Ministry of National Education ", . 1878, . ? 12), . "Echoes of the Finnish epic in the Russian language" (ibid., . h,
. CCVI), "about one of the Lithuanian tradition" ( "Antiquities", t. VIII, 1880), "The features in the old legends and life of the Ossetians" ( "Journal of the Ministry of National Education, 1882,? 8)," The Caucasian legends of giants, chained to the mountains "(ibid., 1883, # 1), I review - XX No.. "Materials for the study of localities and tribes of the Caucasus" (in the Journal of the Ministry of National Education ", . 1883 - 1895, and Dep.), . "Russian and Western European Shrovetide Carnival" (Moscow, . 1884), . "On the Slavic alphabet" ( "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", . 1884, . ? 3), . "Observations on the nation of Huns" ( "Proceedings of the Ethnographic Department", . kn,
. VI, 1885), "Legends of the Caucasus" (ibid.), "Epigraphic Iranian traces in the south of Russia" ( "Journal of the Ministry of National Education, 1886," 9), "Archaeological Exploration in Alushta and its surroundings" ( "Antiquities" t. XII, . 1889), . "Iran echoes in the popular legends of the Caucasus" (Ethnographic Review ", . 1889), . "Caucasian tales of Cyclopses" (Ethnographic Review ", . 1890), . "Materials for the history of epic stories" (I - XVI "Ethnographic Review", . 1890 - 1896), . "On the Sarmatian god Uatafarne" ( "Proceedings of the Eastern Committee of the Moscow Archaeological Society, . t,
. I, . 1890), . "Excursions in the region of the Russian national epic" (I - VIII, . Moscow, . 1892); articles bylinas in the Journal of the Ministry of National Education ", . "Russian Thought" and "The initiative" (these articles together with some other, . included in the book Miller: "Sketches of Russian folk poetry", . 2 parts): "Funf ossetische Erzahlungen im Digorischem Dialecte", . hsgb,
. von Ws. Miller u. R. v. Stackelberg (St. Petersburg, 1891, Vol. Academy of Sciences). The way Miller walked, moving slowly through the ethnography of linguistics to the study of folk poetry, one must admit a very rational. His desire to justify the conclusions on the exact critical-philological study of texts of epics, . determine the degree of involvement of professional singers and trace ethnographer and geographical spread of our national epic, led to positive results of literary-historical study of the material, . where still revolved specialists in the field of bold conjectures and interesting, . but giving few positive findings parallels,
. His writings on the study of the Caucasus have made a lot of light in this little developed area. In all, even the most specific description of the works of Miller, the difference between public and elegance. As the main figure of ethnographic department at the Society of Naturalists, . Miller was able to gather there are many well-trained and energetic young people, . mainly from their students, . who worked hard in the winter of his cabinet, . the summer usually go (at own expense) in the expedition, . always bringing new and valuable material,
. A. Kirpichnikov (deceased).
Left in 1892. "Excursions" Miller concluded in his article on its Russian bylevoy poetry, elaborated under the influence study of folk literature of Iran and the Caucasus. This book gave Vsevolod Fedorovich doctorate degree Russian Language and Literature, honoris causa. However Tikhonravov Miller proceeds to publish had been after the death Tikhonravova published in 1894. Collection: "Bylina old and the new record". In 1897. Miller became director of the Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages, reads the history of the East and there is Sanskrit, and from 1900. teaches courses folk literature at the Moscow Higher Women's Courses. Passion for his idea of oriental origin stories epics passes quickly, that the impact is already clear in I t. "Sketches of Russian folk literature", published in 1897. and contains articles 1892 - 96 years: Miller examines here the role of buffoons in education epics, . indicates Novgorod origin of some plots, . touches and resolves many issues, . associated with the study of poetry bylevoy,
. Articles are devoted to the years following the same detailed analysis of the epics, which helped expand the boundaries of the new recordings made disciples Miller, AV. Markov and aq. Grigoriev, in the Arkhangelsk province. Particular attention is attracted Miller's epic about Ilya of Murom. Almost all articles 1897 - 1909 period included in II T. "Sketches", which appeared in 1910. Imposing detailed analysis of all subjects, without exception, epics, Miller turned to the study of historical songs, drawing mixed ethnic song material and stressing the need for the widest possible study of its. His last article: "Russian and inorodcheskie stories about Kazan campaign of Ivan the Terrible" (Ethnographic Review, 1913, 1 and 2 books.). - Selected in 1911, in academics, Vsevolod Fedorovich moved to Petersburg, where he read in the Women's Pedagogical Institute, and edited the Journal of the ethnographic department of the Geographical Society, whose chairman has been selected. Before his death he was preparing a compilation of epics and conspiracies rid Ossetic dictionary already completed, he began to write "Essay on the history of Russian epic epic" and outlined a plan for collection of popular articles on folk literature. Article: "Hinova Lay" was published after his death in 1 book, volume XIX Izvestia Academy of Sciences ", 1914, at 5 and 6 kN. "Journal of the Ministry of National Education, 1914. published an extensive article Miller: "The Cossack epic songs XVI and XVII centuries". - Obituary Miller: Ed. Olives in the Journal of the Ministry of National Education "(1914, II), MM. Kovalevsky in the Journal of Europe "(1913, No. 12), C. Oldenburg, in Russian Thought "(1913, No. 12), AA. Shakhmatova, in "Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences" (1914, No. 2). In the 2 nd book. XIX t. Izvestia Academy of Sciences "(1914) published an unfinished" Review of works VF. Miller on folk literature, AV. Markov. In 1901, Mr.. Moscow issued a "Jubilee collection in honor of VF. Miller.