Fedor Moroshkin Lukic( The well-known legal scholar)
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Biography Fedor Moroshkin Lukic
(1804 - 1857). Place of the clergy, taking his degree in Tver seminary, from 16 rubles. pocket went to Moscow, where he entered the ethical-political department of the university. This legal education M. started with since he became acquainted with the "Spirit of the law" Montesquieu. On orders Degaya, he studied the writers of the French school of law and the applicable Russian legislation. Assuming sufficient legal knowledge to one lawyer, M. turned to the study of ancient philosophers and the new world, but at the warehouse of his mind somewhat alien to the purely abstract philosophical thinking is gradually bent to the historical rather than natural-philosophical method. Rejecting the premise in the foreign professor's Institute, M. defended in 1833 and a master's thesis: "On the gradual development of the law" (Moscow, 1832) and won at Moscow State University faculty "rights of the most illustrious of the ancient and new people". Received a Ph.D. for a thesis: "The possession of the beginnings of Russia's legislation" (Moscow, 1837), after which he was appointed professor of civil law. In their legal papers M. seeks to combine practicality with philosophical generalizations. He reproaches Nevolina for the lack of synthesis of views and for refusing to "presentation on the history of civil laws in the form of movement ideas of law". Supporters of the so-called primordial Russian began Moscow, however, is a proponent of free legal science and humane justice began, noting the creative role of "common law of common sense and conscience of judges". In addition to the above works, M. wrote: "Scientists of the works on the history of Russian legislation" (Studies of the Moscow University ", 1835, Prince. 4); "The general notion of the rights of the ancient peoples" ( "Telescope", . 1833); "catholic spirit of Roman law" (Studies of the Moscow University ", . 1833), "The participation of the Moscow University in the formation of domestic law" (ibid.); "to the Code and its subsequent development" (M., . 1839); posthumously: "The course of lectures on civil law" ( "Law Gazette, . 1860 - 61) and "Current state of Russian legislation" (ibid., . 1862, . kn,
. 9). Translated essay Reitz: "History of Russian state and civil laws" (1836), with extensive annotations, bibliographic instructions and supplements. Historic his work: "On behalf of the importance of Rousseau and the Slavs" ( "Lighthouse", 1841), "Review of the book Podyachev Kotoshikhin" ( "Moskvityanin", 1841), "Historical-critical study of the Russian and the Slavs" (St. Petersburg, 1842) and others.