Ants Nicholas Valerianovich( Statesman)
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Biography Ants Nicholas Valerianovich
(1850 - 1908). After passing the examination for the candidate of the rights enlisted in the judicial establishment. Occupying the position of assistant prosecuting attorney in Moscow passed the MA examination in criminal law and read it in university lectures on criminal procedure. In 1881 he was appointed prosecutor of St. Petersburg of the Chamber, in 1884 he was transferred to the same position in Moscow, in 1891 he was appointed chief procurator of Criminal Cassation Department in 1892 - Secretary of State. From 1 January 1894 to January 14, 1905 was the Minister of Justice, then, until his death, ambassador to Rome. His indictments of speech (eg, . for Tupitsyn, . Rykov, . "Jack of Hearts", . of regicide March 1) attracted the spotlight, . as well as some of the chief prosecutors of the conclusion (eg, . case Dorn); university lectures he enjoyed great success, his books on the prosecutor's and the candidates for judicial posts and articles, . published in a collection entitled "From past activities", . read with interest,
. In his tenure as Minister of Justice had completed the implementation of judicial reform in 1864, . institutions 3 Chambers (Irkutsk, . Omsk and Tashkent) and 23 district courts, . published criminal code Mar. 22, 1903, . much to move the work of drafting the civil code, . Department of illegitimate children which was published as a law of June 3, 1902; place laws to streamline call witnesses in criminal cases (1896), . about criminality and the pursuit of a juvenile and young offenders (1897), . the abolition of links (1900), . new charter bill (1902), . law on the abolition of cruel corporal punishment for the convicts and exiles (1903), . changes in criminality and crimes against public order (1904) and other,
. The Ministry of Justice incorporated the main prison administration (1895), . converted the old departments of the Senate (1898), , . 1899), . formed a charitable society Judiciary (1895), . resume publication of the Journal of the Ministry of Justice "(1894),
. Established in 1894 by a special commission to revise the regulations on the part of the judicial, under the chairmanship of M., outlined a number of significant changes in legal statutes, sharply disagreeing on many points with the fundamental principles of the reform in 1864. M. found that "the court must first be faithful and loyal advocate and executor of the will of an autocratic monarch" and "as one of the branches of government, must be in solidarity with the other bodies in all their legitimate actions and initiatives". In the first place M. put "change existing rules on judicial tenure, . which in its current formulation does not meet the conditions of our state system and do not give the highest judicial administration of sufficient funds for the removal of the judicial protection of unworthy leaders ",
. With this character of the "review" of court statutes and as a result of changed circumstances, the works of the commission did not receive and store of value only as material for further change and for the history of Russian ships. A. LB.