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ANTS Michael Nikitich

( Russian writer)

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Biography ANTS Michael Nikitich
(1757 - 1807)
He studied at Moscow University, he served in the Izmailovo regiment in 1777 was elected member of the meeting amateur free speech Russia, in whose writings and published his early experiments. In 1785, M. was invited to teach Catherine II, Grand Duke Alexander and Constantine Pavlovich Russian literature, Russian history and moral philosophy. In his lectures, characterized by liveliness and clarity: "The experience of history writing and sermons" (St. Petersburg, 1796, Moscow, 1810), M. followed the views of the Scottish philosophers. In 1800 he was appointed a senator, in 1801 Alexander I defined it in his own cabinet secretary for the adoption petitions. In 1802 he was appointed Deputy Minister of Education, in 1803 - the trustee of the Moscow University; sent both positions simultaneously, living mostly in St. Petersburg. He increased the size of Moscow professors from both the number of foreigners, . and the number of pets university (Merzlyakov, . Timkovsky, . Koshansky, . Chebotarev, . Boldyrev, . Wise and others) created a number of societies at the University of, . arranged surgical institutions, . clinical obstetrics and, . Botanical Garden and Museum of Natural History, typed "courses for the public", took an active part in the development of a new charter of the University in 1804, undertook the publication of the scientific journal: "Moscow scientists Gazette, . terminated upon his death,
. Karamzin supplied for many of the materials on which the "History of the State of Rossiyskogo". In imitation of Virgil composed his "Eclogue" (1771). In 1773 appeared his "Fables in verse" and "Translated Poems. "Inhabitants of the suburbs and Emilievy letter" (1815) are autobiographical significance (memories of his childhood). Full collection of his works in verse and prose published in St. Petersburg, (1819 - 20, 1847, 1857). As a writer, M. was conductor of sentimentalism, imitator NM. Karamzin, who followed in the presentation of theoretical views on history ( "The teaching of history" and "On the history and historians"). As in the lectures about "moral", . and in many poems he believes "supreme happiness" in virtue, . but the main advantage of a virtuous man finds self-control, and approving conscience put above everything else and well-being seen in the "feeling heart" (see, . example, . poem "Meditation" and "Message to п?.п?,
. Turgenev). - Wed. Journal Europe "(1807," 19, Article. Koshanskogo); "Galatea" (1830,? 13, Article. N. B-sky); Shevyrev "History of Moscow University (Moscow, 1855);" Moskvityanin "(1855,? 9); Sukhomlinov" Materials for the history of education in Russia under Alexander I "; Petukhov, MN. Ants. Essay on his life and work "(" Journal of the Ministry of National Education, 1894, Prince. 8); VI. Saito, in the notes to compose Batiushkov; Vengerov "Russian poetry". The latest, according to archival and printed sources, the study: H. Zhinkin M. N. M. "(" Proceedings of the II-th Branch of the Academy of Sciences, 1913, Prince. 1).


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