Napravnik Edward Franzevich( The conductor and composer)
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Biography Napravnik Edward Franzevich
Born August 12, 1839 in the Czech Republic. Having lost his father early, H. left a real school, not finishing the course, and livelihood music, where he studied under Blazek and pitch in the organ school, and have Maydell - the piano school, where he soon became a teacher. Orchestration H. studied under the guidance Jackets. In 1861, having a place of Kapellmeister at Prince Yusupov, H. arrived in St. Petersburg. Russia has become his second homeland. In 1863 he was invited to a Russian opera assistant conductor and organist, and in 1867 he was appointed second conductor. It is often replaced by Liadov, care which, became the head of the orchestra of Russian opera. Precise and faultless execution of the ensemble joined with him in the habit of organization of the orchestra and the choir rose to a considerable height. Take great part H. and in providing for employees. He conducted numerous opera performances, placing first of more than 60 operas (of which up to 40 Russian) and the resumption of more than 30. They, for the first time placed the opera Kashperova, Cui, Moniuszko, Serov (Jц¦chymov force "), Dargomyzhsky (The Stone Guest), Rimsky-Korsakov, Santis, Mussorgsky, Tchaikovsky, Rubinstein, Famitsyna, Grossman, Kyunera, Soloviev and others. In 1869 - 81 years he conducted the symphony collection of the Imperial Russian Musical Society. As a member of the main directorate of the Imperial Russian Musical Society. Even in Prague, he wrote several fugues, male choir, piano things, the overture for an orchestra to Czech folk songs, a sonata for violin and piano and symphony. With great success were set in St. Petersburg of his opera "Nizhegorodtsev" (1868), "Harold" (1886), "Dubrovsky" (1895) and "Francesca da Rimini" (1903). He wrote, . moreover, . 3 string quartets and a quintet, . 2 piano trios, and 1 quartet, . Violin Sonata, . 2 suites for cello and piano, . large number of songs and piano pieces, . four symphonies, . Symphony Concerto for Piano, . Fantasy for Piano and Orchestra, . imagination and a suite for violin and orchestra, . Folk Dance for Orchestra, . suite for orchestra, . symphonic poem "East", . music for "Don Giovanni" g,
. A. Tolstoy. As a conductor, N. distinguished carefully trimmed and considered, it is a musical performance, which, however, lacked the temperament, passion, pathos. Works to find an excellent technique, well orchestrated, often beautiful, but lack strong individuality, being a typical example of good music kapelmeysterskoy. - See. V. F. "E. F. N. (St. Petersburg, 1888), "Essay" (edition of "Bayan", 1888), as well as articles in the "World Pictures" (1875), "Cornfield" (1876), "Musical World" (1877) and "Russian Musical Gazette" (1898? 9, and 1913, No. 37).