Juan JosöL AröLvalo( President of Guatemala in 1945-51gg.)
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Biography Juan JosöL AröLvalo
born September 10, 1904 in the city Taksisko. In 1936, AröLvalo served in the Ministry of Education.
October 20, 1944 in Guatemala, there was a popular armed uprising. The "October Revolution", as it became known, overthrew the dictatorship of General Jorge Ubico, under the brutal tyranny of the country has languished 14 years, and has opened prospects for national revival of Guatemala.
. President was elected patriotic bourgeois circles Arevalo, who received about 85% of votes
. Having come to power, the government embarked on a progressive change. For the first time in the history of Guatemala, was published labor law restricting the freedom of the North American firms, as well as the Social Security Act, workers have the right to unionize and to strike.
. It was adopted by the bourgeois-democratic constitution, which proclaimed that what most people need - an agrarian reform
. It gave farmers hope that the land is owned by foreign companies and local landowners, will be transferred to those who work it. But five years have passed since the adoption of the constitution, and over 40% of all arable land in the country belonged to 163 large landowners. The rest of the land, at least most of it, continued to remain in the hands of North Americans.
Juan Arevalo pursued a policy of development programs of education, health, road construction. He proclaimed the freedom of speech and press, as well as in accordance with its national policies to re-raised the question of UK membership of Belize.
. Due to the labor law, the Communists gained control of the trade unions, and in 1948 there were a number of major strikes of workers "United Fruit Company" - the country's largest landowner, who ignored the law.
. Juan Arevalo suffered, had not had time to complete all of that to which both sought
. In 1951, accession to power in Guatemala, it is the government of Jacobo Arbenz, who continued the work of his predecessor. In 1951 he was appointed Ambassador Arevalo. During his service in this position, he refused to recognize the Somoza government in Nicaragua, Franco in Spain, Trujillo in the Dominican Republic.
. In 1963, he again decided to run for president, but the power in the country was occupied by Colonel Enrique Peralta
. In 1970-72 years Arevalo served as ambassador to France, then returned to the capital of Guatemala, where he died on Oct. 6, 1990.