Venustiano Carranza( Revolutionary commander of Mexico 20.08.-31.10.1914 g.)
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Biography Venustiano Carranza
Venustiano Carranza de la Garza was born on Dec. 29, 1859 in the town of Cuatro Senegas. Already in 1877, he became actively involved in political affairs as a local and national scale. In 1910, as governor of his native state of Coahuila, he joined the struggle Francisco Madera against Porfirio Diaz, and in 1913 he led troops against Victoriano Huerta.
. After the flight of Worth in 1914, the constitutional army Carranza began to disintegrate
. The rebels led by Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata rose up in opposition to the interim government, demanding immediate social reforms. Carranza protested against the invasion of the country in 1914, U.S. troops sent to aid Worth. This position gave him authority. Carranza in on the post of president after the army of General Alvaro Obregon defeated troops Villas at Celaya in April 1915.
. In 1917, Carranza reluctantly adopted a new constitution, which lays down certain restrictions on land ownership, control over natural resources, labor and social legislation
. After, . as Carranza became state president May 1, 1917, . He did not do much to, . somehow to push reform further, . so its time marked by continued difficulties with Villa and Zapata, . serious financial problems and general social unrest, . caused by his unwillingness to further reforms,
. Government Carranza continued to struggle with the peasant rebel troops. By 1917 they were largely destroyed.
Carranza took several measures to limit the influence of foreign capital into economic life and the economy. He combined the promise of social reform the labor movement with the attempts by force to suppress strikes and unrest.
We Carranza, as an ardent nationalist, often had bitter disagreements with the U.S.. It was he who insisted on the neutrality of Mexico in the First World War. In 1920, Carranza tried to force a presidential election to promote his successor, Ignacio Bonilyasa, despite opposition from his more radical colleagues. In 1920, ObregцЁn organized an armed uprising, and Carranza was forced to leave the capital.
When Carranza was going to Veracruz with governmental records and money, his train was attacked. With a few supporters, he fled on horseback into the mountains. On the night of May 21 he was killed by his own men near the town Tlakskalantongo.