Luis Echeverria( President of Mexico in 1970-76 gg.)
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Biography Luis Echeverria
Luis Echeverria Alvarez was born on January 17, 1922 in Mexico City. In 1940 he became secretary to the president of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He quickly rose in political circles and held several important posts in government and the PRI before he was appointed interior minister in the cabinet of President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz. Ordaz heavily criticized for the violent suppression of student demonstrations in 1968 led to the "massacre at Tlatelolco, during which they killed and wounded more than 300 demonstrators and thousands arrested.
. After the 1970 presidential left Ordaz, Echeverrц-a took it, immediately making a sharp turn to the left
. He released most of the prisoners, . arrested in 1968, . millions of acres of land redistributed to landless peasants, . expanded the social security system, . supported by many development programs, construction and transport, . singled out the funds to public works,
. Changing its earlier position, Echeverria has introduced a national family planning program to increase the population growth of Mexico.
. The implementation of the Echeverrц-a administration was complicated gotten out of government control inflation, high unemployment and illiteracy
. The economic proposals of the President, who considered himself a leftist, not put into account the business interests of businessmen of the country, which led to a reduction in domestic investment. In 1956, the change in the balance of trade has led to the devaluation of the peso by 50%, creating contradictions among supported Echeverrц-a middle class.
. In foreign policy, Echeverria has established diplomatic relations with China and supports the integration of Latin American
. A year after leaving the presidency (1976) Echeverria became Mexico's ambassador to Australia and New Zealand and stayed in that position from 1977 to 1980.