Alcmaeon( Ancient Greek physician and natural philosopher, close to the Pythagoreans.)
Comments for Alcmaeon
(according to a single chronological testimony, "was young, when Pythagoras was an old man", ie. app. 500 g. BC).
I wrote about the meteorological and astrological questions about medicine and philosophical problems. In ancient times was known book A. "The nature". Reached our days, only fragments of works A. Focus A. - The human body, conceived as a microcosm. U A. the first appearance of embryology, physiology, psychology and theory of sensations. He has consistently pursued the method of analogies, first of all - in the doctrine of parallelism of macrocosm and microcosm. Immortal part of the cosmos - sun, moon and stars - corresponds to the immortal part of man - the soul, being in the eternal circular motion. This concept has influenced the cosmology of Plato and Aristotle. The model of the human body in a. serves not only space but also the state, in the etiology of the disease used political terminology. Health And treated. as "democratic equality" elementary forces hot - cold, wet - dry, bitter - sweet, "the monarchy" one of them leads to the death of another and causes disease. A. attributed to the first in the ancient science approval of the motion of the planets from west to east (in addition to daily).