Cecco d'Ascoli( Italian astrologer, physician, mathematician)
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Biography Cecco d'Ascoli
(Cecco d'Ascoli), Tsikhus Askulyus (Askulanus) (romanized. Cichus Asculus, Asculanus),
Alias - Francesco della stabilization (Italian. Francesco degli Stabili - "Francesco Steadfast")
(1250, for others. According to 1269, Ascoli, Romagna - 15.09.1327, Florence)
Italian astrologer, physician, mathematician, one of the brightest representatives of the naturalistic course of philosophical thought in the XIV. He had encyclopedic knowledge, he studied philosophy, theology, medicine, mathematics, astrology and poetry, was a friend of Dante, worked for some time court physician of Pope John XXII (1316 - 1334). In 1322-25 he. A. was professor of mathematics and astrology at the University of Bologna.
Even in his youth he gained fame famous astrologer who can see the stars, "as people at the moment is thinking or what holds in his hand clamped". A. make predictions Ludwig of Bavaria, Karl Calabrian, son of Robert King of Naples, and many other dignitaries. All his predictions came true, that gave him immense fame throughout Italy and even far beyond its borders. However astrological activity yielded a. and trouble. So, he was forced to leave the post of court astrologer of Duke Charles Calabrian because they made unfavorable prognosis for the duchess, Maria Valois, and its year-old daughter (A. pointed out that they both tend to lead an immoral lifestyle). Shortly thereafter, the Bologna inquisitor Fra Lamberto A. was accused of heresy (as some authors, . for the use of astrological interpretations of the life of Jesus Christ and for other "heretical" position, . listed in the notes to the "sphere" Sacrobosco) and sentenced to a public renunciation of error, and the issuance of the Inquisition of astrological books, . what he had,
. Teach him to be banned. After the trial a. moved to Florence, where he continued predskazatelskuyu activities and the sale of his works. By slanders of his enemies A. 1327 Mr.. arrested Florentine inquisitor Akkuzio again accused of heresy, tortured and burned at the stake.
L. Thorndike pointed out that A. ikvizitsiey prosecuted because it had powerful enemies, and not because they adhered to the heresy: A review essay. shows that presented the theoretical concepts, generally accepted among the astrologers of the time (in t.ch. among astrologers monks).
In honor of A. named lunar crater Cichus.