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Margaret Thatcher

( Prime Minister of England in the years 1979-90.)

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Biography Margaret Thatcher
photo Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Hilda Thatcher was born October 13, 1925 in Grantheme (Lincolnshire) in the family grocer, born Margaret Roberts. He was educated at Oxford, where she studied chemistry and became chairman of the University Conservative Association. She graduated from the University in 1947. Before the marriage in 1951 with businessman Denis Thatcher worked as a chemist. In 1953 received a law degree, led practice, specializing in tax law.

In 1959, Thatcher was first elected to Parliament from the Conservative Party. In 1970-1974 was the education minister in the government of Edward Heath. After the defeat of the Conservative party in two elections in 1974 the Tory faction in the House of Commons in 1975 forced the Heath to prove its leadership. In the first round of voting in second place came Thatcher - 'dark horse', a little-known candidate. Before the second round Heath resigned as Thatcher was elected party leader of the Tories.

. Thatcher promised to change the political course, conducted hit, and to suppress inflation through tight control over public investment and public spending
. She said, . that the nation is burdened with excessive taxes and excessive control by the state, that Britain will overcome industrial decline only in the case, . If the people be allowed to have a greater reward for their work and engage in free enterprise.,

. In the elections in May 1979 the Tories won, receiving a majority in parliament, and Thatcher was appointed Prime Minister
. In 1982, Thatcher's popularity rose when she sent British troops against the Argentines invaded the Falkland Islands (Malvinas). In elections in June 1983, she retained her post after a convincing victory of conservatives. Firmness and consistency in defending their views, rigidity, in implementing the decisions enshrined in the title of Margaret Thatcher 'Iron Lady'.

. Thatcher continued to implement its program through privatization of nationalized corporations (such as telephone and aerospace companies), as well as the sale of public housing to tenants on reasonable terms
. In elections in June 1987, . partly due to the increase in the country in the number of private owners, . Tory supporters, . she retained a strong parliamentary majority and, . thus, . the first time in the history of modern Britain has remained prime minister for a third term,
. Despite all efforts, inflation stood at 11% per year. In addition, resistance to further integration of Thatcher's Britain in the European Monetary System led to dissatisfaction with the Tories as their leader. 22 November 1990 Thatcher was forced to resign. She was succeeded by John Major. June 5, 1992 Thatcher received a life peerage. Then, as Baroness Thatcher Kesteven, she took her seat in the House of Lords.


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