Wang Bi( Ancient Chinese philosopher, one of the founders of Confucianism and Taoism Synthesizing the doctrine of `intimate`)
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Biography Wang Bi
(226, Shanyan (Tszyaotszoshi sovr. prov. Henan) - 249) --
ancient Chinese philosopher, one of the founders of Synthesizing Confucianism and Taoism, the teachings of the unseen ", ie. supersensory on the basis of being. Was a major dignitary in the kingdom of Wei. Stated the original ideas in the comments to the Confucian and Taoist classics, . of which have survived "Basic Provisions" and Zhou "and" Comments on the "Chou and" "(on the" Book of Changes "), . and "Commentary on the Lao-tzu" - the most authoritative commentary on the "Tao Te Ching" (perhaps, . ancient), etc.,
V.B. developed a system of categories that were further significant impact on the conceptual apparatus and the concept of Chinese Buddhism and Neo-Confucianism. Primacy of universal tao V.B. understood as a law-governed, and not a fatalistic, interpreting and Tao and destiny through the category "principle" (li). "Principles" he considered constituent components of things and contrasted the "business / events". The variety of unpredictable events in VB, is also due to the opposition between their physical and sensory properties of the substance, the natural foundation and aspirations, realizing, first of all, in time. V.B. interpreted the doctrine of "Chou and" ( "Book of Changes") as a theory of temporal processes and changes, determining that the main elements of the treatise - the symbolic category of "Gua" - the essence of "times". However, fixed in gua obscheprotsessualnye laws are not reducible to a specific way and can not serve as a basis for unambiguous predictions. This is a philosophical interpretation of the teachings of "Chou and was directed against his mantic interpretation in the preceding numerological tradition (xiang shu zhi wo).