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Pestel, Pavel Ivanovich

( Decembrist)

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Biography Pestel, Pavel Ivanovich
(1792 - 1826)
He was educated in Dresden, then in the Corps of Pages. Participating in World War he was wounded near Vilna (1812); for recovery entered the adjutant to Count Wittgenstein, , . at Bar-sur-Aube and Troyes; later, together with Count Wittgenstein lived in Tulchin, . whence he went to Bessarabia to gather information about the perturbation of the Greeks against the Turks, and for negotiations with the rulers of Moldavia (1821),
. In 1822 he was transferred to a colonel in a very sad Vyatka Regiment and during the year brought him in order. Sam Alexander I, when viewing it in September 1823, put it: "excellent, like guards, and complained P. 3000 acres. By participating since 1816 in the Masonic lodges, P. Having a great intellect, knowledge and versatile gift for words (which unanimously show almost all his contemporaries), P. soon became the head of society. Power of his eloquence he persuaded in 1825 and the Petersburg society to act in the spirit of the Southern. Expression of his views was composed of "Russian Truth", a project written in the spirit of the republic, can be considered together with the draft N. Sam P., according to Yakushkin, in the preparation of "Russian Truth" meant only to prepare for work in Zemstvo Duma. An important aspect of "Russian Truth" were reflections P. about the internal structure of Russia, politically and economically, which NI. Turgenev called "socialist theories". Commission of Inquiry has built his accusations against P. and some others just to "Russian Truth". Of the surviving letters P. evident that he was distinguished by tender solicitude for parents. Shortly after 14 December he was arrested on a road in Tulchin and after 6-month confinement in the fortress, was sentenced (cm. XII, 119) to be quartered, replaced by hanging, which was done July 13, 1826. Quite a sympathetic review of the P. cm. in "Notes" Count P.D. Kiseleva (AP, 1823). Another tip is warmer Count Wittgenstein ( "Russian Archive", 1870). V. P-in.

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