Grigor Nicephorus( Byzantine humanist scholar, philosopher, theologian, astronomer, astrologer and diplomat.)
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Biography Grigor Nicephorus
(1295, Heraclea Pontus, near Constantinople - 1360, near Constantinople)
Pupil-known astrologer and astronomer Theodore Metohita.
G. - Author of numerous works, t.ch. "Byzantine History" in 37 volumes, platonic painted polemics against Aristotelian, controversy with hesychasts. Through his work at the new level had been raised harmony and astronomy.
The spiritual atmosphere of the times T. well reflected in his dialogue "Florentius". The author describes the literary traditions of his time, shows the direction of scientific interest. In the dispute between two philosophers to solve scientific problems, facing the Byzantine and Western scholars. It is noteworthy that the parties contest begins as follows: pointing to the horoscope, Nikagor (by which Mr.. implies a) offers its ideological enemy Ksenofanu determine the hour of the day and the position of the planets in relation to the Zodiac. Clumsy response Xenophanes is unanimous laughter throughout the meeting.
G. belong to two pieces of the astrolabe and the draft calendar reform, anticipating the famous Gregorian reform undertaken more than two centuries later.