Preuss Petr Ivanovich( remarkable Russian Slavic)
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Biography Preuss Petr Ivanovich
(1810 - 1846), was born in the Pskov province of the son of a foreign citizen, a musician by profession. Family circumstances prevented Preuss graduate course at St. Petersburg University. Since the age of 13 he began his philological study of the books, which took first in the Imperial Public Library, then in the university library at Dorpat, where he served as a teacher of the school. Later, the leadership of his classes assumed ax. Vostokov. At the election of the Board of St. Petersburg University Preuss was withdrawn from Dorpat to prepare for the department of history and literature of the Slavic dialects in St. Petersburg University. In 1839, Mr.. he went to a three-year trip abroad, mainly to study Slavic languages and literatures. In 1843, Mr.. Preuss began his reading at St. Petersburg University on the history, literature and comparative grammar of Slavic dialects. According to the testimony of all who knew Preiss, he was distinguished by bright mind, a critical ability, extraordinary work ethic. The stock of knowledge and observations from Preiss was huge, but he wrote little, due to early death did not even managed to publish almost finished an essay about Bogomil. Major works Preis: "On the Volokh Nestor" ( "Journal of the Ministry of National Education", . XIX, . 213), . "Image Czernebog in Bamberg" (ib., . XVIII, . 227), . "Notes on the German books on Slavic history and antiquities" (ib., . XXI, . 85 - 108, . XXIII, . 219 - 236), . talking about the epic Serbian folk poetry ( "The act of St. Petersburg University in 1845),
. Handwritten essays Preiss named in the article I.I. Sreznevsky "In memory of Bodyansky, Grigorovich, and Preuss, the first teachers of Slavic Philology" (St. Petersburg, 1878). Notes Preiss his studies from 1823 to 1839 years., Plan to travel to foreign lands and Slavic wonderful letters Preiss, is the best source for his biography, published with a preface and notes VI. Lamansky in "Living antiquity" (1890 - 91). See. Pypin "Russian Slavonic studies in the XIX century." (Journal Europe ", 1889, aug.) M. P-s "Grigorovich and Preuss (" Izvestia Branch of Russian Language and Literature of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, 1897, II v., 3 kn.).