Diogenes of Apollonia( Ancient Greek scientist and natural philosopher.)
Comments for Diogenes of Apollonia
Biography Diogenes of Apollonia
(Diogenes o Apolloniates) (2 nd floor. V in. BC)
In the 420-ies. BC. lived and taught in Athens. From the works of DA. preserved only fragments.
DA. Anaximenes revived the thesis of the air-foremothers, synthesize it with the teachings of Anaxagoras of space "mind", which he regarded not as a specific substance, but as an inherent property of the "air" and the concept of empty space in Leucippus. In the infinite void filled with air, resulting in condensation and rarefaction are born and break countless worlds, the proper device which ensured the presence in their space "Reason.
DA. argued that the four elements of Empedocles' teachings must be "identical in its nature", tk. otherwise they could not transform into each other and interact. DA. actually formulated the Platonic-Aristotelian notion beskachestvennoy matter (Aristotle was aware that the DA. anticipated his theory of opposites substrate). Identifying this always identical in their "inakoveniyah" (a key term in DA), a substance with air (which is itself devoid of qualities), DA. first applies the teleological argument: the regularity of cosmic cycles and the "best of all possible device" the world can be explained only prudent and sensible activity generating it begins in the meantime, . of biology and physiology is known, . and thinking that life-giving substance - the soul-breathing-air,
. Air - not only genetic, but Manager of the principle of peace: as such - he is "god" who "rules". Effect of DA. felt in the Stoic concept of "air" and "Providence".
Losev п-.пг. Essays on Ancient Symbolism and Mythology. - Moscow: Mysl, 1993.
1. Lebedev A. Diogenes of Apollonia. / / Philosophical Encyclopedic Dictionary.