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Zakut

( Jewish astronomer and astrologer.)

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Biography Zakut
photo Zakut
(Zakut, Zaqout; Zacuto, Zacut; lats. Zacutus)
Bar Bar Abraham Samuel Abraham
(1452, Salamanca, Spain - 1525)
He studied medicine and astrology in Salamanca University, was a renowned astrologer. In 1470-ies. Z. was a professor of astronomy at Salamanca, and wrote his major astronomical work "Ha-Hibbur ha Godol" (1473-1478). In winter 1486, Mr.. Z. met arrived in Salamanca Christopher Columbus (who previously used tables VZ) and began to actively support his idea to find the shortest sea route to India. Several years W. conducted astronomical observations at the service of the Grand Master of the Order of Knights of Alcantara, settling at the Gate (prov. Caceres in western Spain). Here it was written astrological work "Tratado breve en las influencias del cielo", to which W. he added a treatise on eclipses "De las eclipses del sol y de da luna". In the original, this work was written in Hebrew and then translated into Castilian (publ. in 1928 in the book.: J. de Carvalho. "Revista de estudos hebraicos, 1").

After the publication of the law against the Spanish Jews SW. In 1492, Mr.. He emigrated to Portugal, where he was warmly received by Joцёo II and became the court astronomer. The King, being interested in the development of navigation, drew SW. the case of navigation. In particular, W. designed the first brass astrolabe (before they were made of wood) and prepared a four-year tables of solar declination (in 1497 - 1500.) for the journey of Vasco da Gama.
In 1497, Mr.. King Manuel I put all the Jews a choice - to leave Portugal or convert to Christianity. Z. The former moved with his son Samuel in Tunisia. There, he wrote a book on the genealogy of "Sefer ha-Yuhasin". On the last period of life W. Little is known. In 1513, Mr.. He worked in Jerusalem, having made, in particular, the almanac in the Jewish language. In 1515, Mr.. he was in Damascus.

Besides those already mentioned works, Peru NE. belong to the book "Almanach perpetuum" ( "Eternal Almanac", 1496), "Mixtape ha 'isteganin" ( "Astrological judgments"), "Haajibbun hagadol" ( "Great compilation").

In honor of W. named lunar crater Zagut.

Literature:
1. de Albuquerque L. Zacuto. / / Dictionary of Scientific Biography


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  • Roy for Zakut
  • Help, please, to find great work "Sefer Yuhasin" ( "Book of genealogical) Abraham Zakut. Thank you.
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    Zakut, photo, biography
    Zakut, photo, biography Zakut  Jewish astronomer and astrologer., photo, biography
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