Tommaso Campanella( Italian philosopher, utopian, poet, political activist)
Comments for Tommaso Campanella
Biography Tommaso Campanella
(5.09.1568, <6:20 GT>, Stilo, Calabria (southern Italy) - 21/05/1639, 4:00 am, Paris)
Seriously engaged in astrology. The son of a shoemaker, K. since childhood showed unusual aptitudes and abilities. According to legend, in his childhood he was devoted to the secrets of alchemy and fully trained in the secret science-Kabbalist rabbi in two weeks. Their lives for. largely devoted to occult sciences. Since 1582, Mr.. - Dominican friar. In 1589, Mr.. K. arrived in Naples, where he met a Jewish astrologer Abraham (Abraham), who presented him with the astrological science and related disciplines. In 1591, Mr.. made with the book "Philosophy, proved feelings" against the scholastic Aristotelian, and was soon forced to flee from the persecution of the Inquisition in Naples. Later, the Inquisition sought to try and punish him for his use of magical science, but her attempts were unsuccessful.
Cardinal Richelieu and King Louis XIII was considered to. great astrologer and scholar, able to combine Christianity with astrology. K. predicted the birth of his son Louis XIII, whose life will be happy and long (indeed, after 22 years of sterile marriage, Anne of Austria, gave birth to the future Louis XIV, "Sun King").
In 1598-99 he. K. headed in Calabria conspiracy against Spanish rule, was captured and sentenced to life imprisonment. During the nearly 27-year stay in the Neapolitan prisons K. written dozens of books, some published in Germany and distributed in the lists. In his worldview (like Ficino), astrology and the occult in a key position, as evidenced by such works of K., as "De sensu rerum et magia" (1620) and "Astrologicorum libri VII" (1629-30). General, K. wrote a number of magical, astrological and alchemical writings, but most of them did not survive. Famous Utopian. "Sun City" (1602, published. 1623) imbued astrological symbolism.
In May 1626, Mr.. K. was released and moved to Rome with the help of Pope Urban VIII, in 1629, Mr.. justified. As is evident from the work of "Astrolologicorum libri VII", K. Urban VIII was used as an advisor on matters astrological. In 1634, Mr.. K. fled to France in connection with the threat of extradition to the Spanish authorities. K. predicted date of his death - June 1, 1639, Mr.. (during a solar eclipse). He died in the convent of the Jacobins in Paris for 10 days before the predicted day.
In honor of K. named minor planet 4653 Tommaso.
Astrologicorum libri VII, in quibus Astrologia, omni superstitione Arabum et Judaeorum eliminata, philosophice tractatur etc. - Lyons, 1629; Frankfurt, 1630.
Opera latina. T. 1.2. - Torino: Botteqa, 1975.
1. Balashov H. Creator of the Sun Cities. / / Urania. -1995. - N6.
2. Campanella. / / Philosophical Encyclopedic Dictionary.
3. Astrological Dictionary.
4. Blavatsky E. Theosophical dictionary.
5. Kowalewski K. Astrology School. The fifth lesson. / / Science and Religion. - 1992. - N9.
6. Poggendorff JC. Biographisch-literarisches Handwoerterbuch zur geschichte der exacten Wissenschaften ...
7. Schmitt Ch.B. Campanella. / / Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Vol. XV.