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BUKHARIN Nikolai Ivanovich

( economist, sociologist, historian of science, state. and societies that figure.)

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Biography BUKHARIN Nikolai Ivanovich
(27.9.1888-15.3.1938)

Information (lit. pseudo.: NB-X-N, K. Twardowski, Nota Vene) in 1906. joined RSDLP. For participation in the roar. movement in Feb.. 1911. B. was expelled from Moscow. Zap and exiled, but in August. escaped from. Until May 1917. lived abroad. Spring 1917. via Japan and Siberia, returned to Russia. In July, 1917. B. was elected a member RSDLP (b), Nov.-Dec. was a participant in October. insurrection in Moscow. 1929. B. was expelled from the Politburo of the CPSU (b), removed from the post red. Pravda ", derived from the ECCI. In 1937, Mr.. expelled from the party and arrested the van, was shot in the case pravotrotskistskogo Block. 'Consciousness' or 'spirit' is put in by far the dominant, defining notched, 'matter' or 'nature' - in the dependent and determined. Dialectics, the corresponding scheme "of a concrete" - "abstract" - "returns a particular", - OCH. method or mechanism, through to the B-ing. analyzes all the difficult co-tsiopolit. and sotsiokult. questions. In his last Philosophy. Labor "Philos. arabesque, already written in the Lubyanka (prison of the NKVD), still not fully published, B. remains a Leninist, devoting their labor VI. Lenin. (Adapted from the book.: Russian Philosophy. Small Collegiate Dictionary. Moscow, 1995)
.
. Teaching a better understanding of the philosophical views of Bukharin helps scheme of 'transition economy' (M., . 1920), . which can be represented as follows: 'Natural certainty' or 'specific chaotic' - folding 'abstraction' (ie,
. development, according to Bukharin, 'consciousness-organization') - Filling the 'abstraction' ( 'organization') 'specific' - the specific (but new - it is clear, 'organized') 'natural certainty'. Taking advantage, therefore, like AA Bogdanov, the meaning of the concept of 'organization', which it has an absolute 'metaponyatiya', Bukharin, came to justify the methods of translating 'organization' to 'living material' concrete. (Plyutto P. in the book.: Russian Philosophy. Small Collegiate Dictionary. M., 1995. S. 80).

Major works of historical theory. materialism. M.. 1921

Works historical theory. materialism. M.. 1921: Goethe and his historical. value / / Goethe: Dokl. read at the festive. meetings in memory of Goethe, 26 and 30 March. 1932. L., 1932, Darwinism and Marxism / Sketches. Moscow, Leningrad, 1932, the teachings of Marx and his historical. value / / Social list. reconstruction and science. M., 1933. Tech. 3-6; Izbr. tr.: History and organization of science and technology. , 1988; Philos. Arabesques: (a dialect. essays) / / NA. 1993. ? 6, Lenin and his philosophical doctrine / / In memory of Lenin: Sat. articles on the tenth anniversary of his death. 1924-1934. Moscow, Leningrad, 1934; Izbr. Random. M., 1988.

Literature Gorelov I.E. NB. Moscow, 1988; Larin AM. Unforgettable. , 1989; B.: people, policies, scientists-tion. M., 1990, Cohen P. B.: Paulette. biography, 1888-1938 gg. Moscow, 1992; 0gurtsov A.P. Unknown N.I.B. / NA. 1993. ? 6.


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