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Al-Kindi

( Arabic scholar and lexicographer, philosopher)

Comments for Al-Kindi
Biography Al-Kindi
(Abu Yusuf Ya `cub ibn Ishaq ibn al-Sabbah al-Kindi)
(796 (on dr.dannym 800), Kufa, Iraq - 873, Baghdad)
(the first representative of the eastern Aristotelian). It is considered the "father of the Islamic Astrology". It comes from the Arab tribe of Kinda. He studied in astrological school in Baghdad, based Jewish scholar Jacob ben Tarik in 777 g. He worked in Baghdad under the Caliph al-Ma'mune (813 - 833) and al-Mu `tasime (833 - 842), during the struggle of the Caliph al-Mutawakkil (847 - 861) with the rationalists persecuted. K. - By more than 240 works on astrology, astronomy, geodesy, mathematics, philosophy, optics, meteorology, music theory, pharmacology and chemistry. Most of these works have not survived. Among the astronomical and astrological treatises, K.: "Prediction of change years and birth" (known in the Latin translation of John of Seville and the medieval Byzantine translation, . attributed to Abu Ma `ball), . "The book of the greatest art", . "Treatise on the stars", . "Treatise on the constellations", . "Treatise on the art of astronomical Ptolemy", . "Treatise on the far world", . "The movement of planets", . "On the stellar rays, etc.,
. In Western Europe, was known as Alkindus.
To. introduced into scientific use works of ancient philosophers, edited translations into Arabic from Greek through Syria. He is the author of a concise summary of a number of works of ancient philosophers and comments to the "Elements" of Euclid, "Almagest" of Ptolemy, "Category" and "Second analytics Aristotle. K. advanced the theory of five prasubstantsy: matter, form, movement, space and time, first developed the doctrine of the four kinds of intelligence (actual, potential, acquired and manifested).

To. - Teacher of the famous Arab astrologer Abu Ma `ball. On their first meeting there is such a legend. Angered sharp criticism of his professor of medicine from the AK, Abu Ma `shar decided to kill the critic in the same hall where he spoke, and armed with a dagger. But K. approached him with the words: "Art thou not Abu Ma` shar of Balkha? You will become the most famous astrologer century, if the refuse from his evil intentions. Throw a dagger, calm down and accept my doctrine ". Then Abu Ma `shar was the most loyal supporters to.

Selected works:
Al-Kindi. On the Stellar Rays. / Transl. By R. Zoller; edited by R. Hand. - Berkeley Springs, West Virginia: Golden Hind Press, 1993.
Literature:
1. Matvievskaya G., Rosenfeld B. Mathematicians and astronomers of the Muslim Middle Ages and their works (VIII-XVII centuries)..
2. Kindi. / / Philosophical Encyclopedic Dictionary.
3. Astrological Dictionary.
4. Saplin A. Astrological Collegiate Dictionary.
5. Bonatti H. Classical astrology.


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