SOROKIN Pitirim( The sociologist, philosopher, one of the founders of the theory of social stratification and social mobility.)
Comments for SOROKIN Pitirim
Biography SOROKIN Pitirim
23.1/4.2.1889 - 11.2.1968
General information for participation in the revolutionary movement was arrested in 1906. From 1909 he studied at St. Petersburg psycho-neurological institute, since 1910 - at the Faculty of St. Petersburg Zap. One of the leaders of the Revolutionary Party. Secretary Kerensky. In 1920, exiled from Russia. He took U.S. citizenship / 1930 / Prof.. Harvard University Press, organizer and head of the Department of Sociology. In 1947-1948 created at Harvard University Center for the Study of creative altruism ". Creative altruism, according to S., to save humanity. The historical process is understood as a cyclical development of the main types of culture. The main cause of socio-cultural change is the transformation of values and meanings.
. Characteristic views of the view Russian sociologist, attempts to crush the radical social differentiation led only to detract from the social forms of quantitative and qualitative expansion of sociality
. (Zamaleev п-.пг. Course history of Russian philosophy. M., 1995. S. 152).
Scientist in his 'System of Sociology' (1920) he regarded society as a set of collective unity, interconnected set of functional relationships. The situation of individuals determined by the role and importance of those social groups in which they were. This excluded their social leveling, averaging. 'In the humanity - wrote Sorokin - we do not see any any numerical organized group, where there would be no division into privileged and underprivileged, nor the rulers and the ruled. Against this inevitability can not save or socialism, or syndicalism, nor democracy nor communism. All of the revolution, trying to reestablish equality, only the actors have changed, but the tragedy of inequality still not deleted. (Zamaleev п-.пг. Course history of Russian philosophy. Moscow.: Nauka, 1995. S. 151-152).
Major works 1 / crime and punishment, and heroism award. SPb., 1911; 2 / The problem of social equality. P., 1917, 3 / System of Sociology. V.1-2. P., 1920, 4 / The ways and Power of Love. Boston, 1954; 5 / The American Sex Revolution. Boston, 1956; 6 / person. Civilization. Community. M., 1992.
Works long journey. Autobiography, MA, 1992;
Sotsiologicheskie. theory of modernity. Moscow, 1992;
System of Sociology: In 2 t. M., 1993;
The main trends of our time. M., 1993;
Man. Civilization. Community. Moscow, 1992;
Social mobility. NY, 1927;
Social a. cultural dynamics. NY, 1937-1941, 4 Vol.: Crisis of our age. NY. 1941;
Sociocultural causality, space, time. NY, 1943;
Society, culture a. personality. NY, 1947;
The ways a. power of love. NY. 1954;
Fads a. foibles in modern sociology a. related sciences. Chicago, 1956;
Sociological theories to todey. NY, 1966.
Literature Golosenko IA. Pitirim Sorokin: fate and works. Syktyvkar, 1991, Essays on the history of theoretical sociology from XIX - beginning. XX. M., 1994. S. 220-231; History of Sociology in West. Europe and the U.S.. M., 1993; Kukushkina E.I. Eng. sociology of XIX - beginning. XX. M., 1993.