SORA PORPHYRY Nile( Church leader, the chief representative of isichasm in Russia.)
Comments for SORA PORPHYRY Nile
Biography SORA PORPHYRY Nile
Information canonized. He made walking to Constantinople and Mount Athos. Back home, in Belozersky edge, on the river. Cope founded the first monastery in Russia in accordance with the prevailing ideal of Mount Athos monastic life. Mental doing, by NS, - concentrated work of the spirit over his sinful thoughts. At the Council in 1503, Mr.. NS. opposed the monastic land tenure and lost. Eden NS. became the banner of a relig.-watered. direction, known as 'nestyazhatelstvo'. Important role in the creation NS. occupy his 'tradition' and 'Charter'. NS. written messages Vassian Patrikeyev, Guria Tushin, Herman Podolnaya, two messages Cassian Mavnukskomu, 'a certain brother' and Multi base. small works.
Characteristic views of the Nile Sora think in terms of rationalism, but its functional rationalism burdened by a negative trend: it did not serve a means to truth, but a way of elevation of faith. Philosophizing - is a kind of hygiene of the mind, spiritual prevention, which allows to free the mind from sensations, to protect him from the mundane, the created. (Zamaleev п-.пг. Course history of Russian philosophy. M., 1995. S. 24).
Teaching in the statute monastic lives of the Nile Sora the first time in Russian social and philosophical ideas presented and developed, albeit on the basis of the mystical, the idea of moral self-identity. It has a special chapter on the characteristics of human passions that destroy his immortal soul. This - gluttony, lechery, avarice, anger, sadness, despondency, ambition, pride. But the main sin Neil says 'acquiring', ie. appropriation works of the labor of others. Objecting to the advocates of the monastery's property as 'alms for Christ's sake', Neal notes that this commandment is cunningly devised by those who hide their wealth. True charity is the moral support of neighbors, in helping to take the floor in time of need, to be comforted in his grief. (Novikova LI, Sizemskaya I.N. Russian philosophy of history. M., 1997. S. 30).
Works Tradition and charter / / Ancient Texts and Art. M., 1912. Tech. 179; Speeches / Studies of ancient literature. L., 1974. T. 29.
Literature Lit.: NS. Tradition and the Charter. SPb., 1912; Archangel A.S. NS. and Vassian Patrikeev ... CH. 1. Rev. NS. SPb., 1892; Lurev YA.S. Destination NS. in ideology. struggle conc. XV in. / Ideology. struggle in the Russian. journalism concentration. XV - beginning. XVI in. Moscow, Leningrad, 1960.