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Stankevich, Nikolai

( thinker, poet, founder of the literary and philosophical circles.)

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Biography Stankevich, Nikolai
27.9/9.10.1813-25.6/7.7.1840

Trivia Graduated from the Faculty of verbal Mosk.un-ta / 1834 /. Circle C. attended Belinsky, K. Aksakov In. Botkin, M. Bakunin, M. Katkov, and others. Views with. formed under the influence of German classical philosophy, NI Nadezhdin, M. Pavlova. Religion is considered as universal love, ability to unite people and to overcome their divisions. Otctaival principle of altruism. He played for the education of the people and the abolition of serfdom from above.
. Characteristics of views "Study of Hegel's philosophy Stankevich convinced that the concept of the cosmic process as a process of development of the Absolute Idea is not an abstract panlogism, ie
. does not represent a theory of dialectical self-movement of impersonal abstraknyh concepts. He discovered that in Hegel the bearer of abstract concepts is, in the final chsete spirit as a concrete, living creature ". (Lossky N.O. History of Russian Philosophy M. 1991. S. 74). "In explaining the organic aggregates Stankevich relied on the concept of" original intuition ", which connects each organism with the outside world and is the basis of physiological self-regulation, instinct and reason". (Lossky N.O. History of Russian Philosophy M. 1991. S. 420)

Teaching Life.
'Outside of life did not lie, because she has everything, hence the gradual learning about her alien, being aware of ourselves, she knows everything. Her intelligence, intelligence is consciousness itself (consciousness of being done), therefore, being herself. Her will is not determined by anything, therefore, is free, but does not retreat from the eternal laws of understanding, therefore, will have life together, and freedom and the need. If the will is immutable, but no obstacles and all means are the same being, in what will, it will have effect; act of nature - life and therefore, the will of life is life itself. So, life is a mind and will, if we want to judge her as a human, but this understanding depends solely on our view of life, in fact it is neither the one nor the other, but life '.
(Stankiewicz H. V. Poems - Tragedy - Prose. M., 1890. S. 152).
Man.
'The man above all, for he is the whole life. He can not rise (without destroying the essence of being a) he just should not fall, it must be equal to itself. But he fell (more on this later), therefore, must rise again. Each man is indivisible particles of human normal and in each is the lowest property. The mutual relations of people to clean up, form a perfect man (but that's not enough, now propose another way to improve). Hence, undoubtedly, though not a new truth: the life of the human race is his upbringing. How does one individual should bring his creature? What he should take as a model, a prototype of his? Where is he? "
(Ibid.. S. 154).
Arts.
'Art is the past for us. It could say: Art is not a university for us. But there came a misunderstanding. proposal does not mean much when it is not expressed at all, does not say all that it justifies. So, . I will advance to the consolation impatient, . nepogibayuschy that there is an element in art, . which will remain the supreme and final, . integral element, . individual life, . direct contemplation, . nerazdroblennogo knowledge - an element of energy and personality, . this element is eternal, . as the eternal human need in every moment conscious of all the fullness of his life nerazdroblennuyu,
. But in art there is another element which is carried out in the described. It is part of the total, eternal - the divine. There is no place to dwell on this basic idea of art. Many forms of art taken - they were conformable age spirit. By deep, . prolific discoveries of modern philosophy that belongs, . that the history of art, . considered reasonable to have together, and his theory and that of his birth are consistent with their ages, . which in turn coincide with the period of the general spiritual development,
. This idea makes a complete revolution in the aesthetics: art, . Instead of losing, . receive world-wide importance, it goes out of mindless stupor, . which remained broken for some unknown reason, and for what in the different genera, it is a whole, . who lives with the spirit and the spirit and experiences with him all of his fate '.,
. (Ibid.
. S. 179).

Works 1 / Poems. Tragedies. M., 1890, 2 / Conversation. Prose. M., 1914.

Literature Nikolai Vladimirovich Stankevich. His correspondence and biography, written by Annenkov. M., 1875, Alexander I. Idealist 30-ies of the XIX century: (To the 75 anniversary of his death, NV Stankevich. 1840-1915). Kazan, 1915, Gershenson M.O. History of Young Russia. M.; Pg., 1923; Sakulin P.N. Idealism NV Stankevich Vestn Europe. 1915. Kn. 2; Filippov MM. The fate of Russian philosophy: (circle of Stankevich. - Influence of Hegel) / / Russian Wealth. 1894. ? 11; History of Philosophy in the USSR. M., 1968. T. 2. S. 281-287.


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