ADAM, ROBERT (Adam Robert)( Scottish architect and town planner)
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Biography ADAM, ROBERT (Adam Robert)
The eldest of four brothers. Born July 3, 1728 in Kirkcaldy (Fayfshir). Brothers Robert and James Adam are the representatives of classicism, which is in vogue in the late 18. covered the whole of England and has had a marked influence on the architecture of America.
Robert Adam studied at Edinburgh University, then studied architecture, apparently, his father. In 1754-1758 he traveled to France and Italy, where he studied ancient art and architecture. One result of this trip was created by the project of reconstruction of the Diocletian's Palace in Split in Dalmatia. In 1764 Robert Adam published a book dedicated to this building, which he called the greatest incarnation of the Roman genius.
After studying abroad, Adam returned to England, where he soon became one of the leading architects, and in 1762 was appointed court architect of George III. His first significant work - a quarter of the Adelphi, located on the banks of the Thames terraces. Among other works carried out in London - the gates of the Admiralty, Fitzroy Square, and Finsbury and a number of private homes in the West End. Through the use of rigorous and harmonious forms of ancient Roman and Renaissance architecture works of Adam, especially the interiors of buildings, notable for its delicacy and refinement. Adam died in London on March 3, 1792, is buried in Westminster Abbey.