Antonin Artaud (Artaud Antonin)( French poet, actor and director)
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Biography Antonin Artaud (Artaud Antonin)
Gained fame mainly for his program of radical transformation of dramatic art, especially the idea of 'theater of cruelty'. According to its effects, argued Artaud, the theater is similar to the plague: he 'makes people see what they really are, he takes off the mask, exposing the lies, depravity, rottenness and hypocrisy of the world'. Practical experiments Artaud was based mainly on the use of nonverbal elements of the theater (sound, light, gestures, facial expressions), submitting the problem to end 'dictatorship of speech'.
Artaud had a strong influence on French theater through his most famous pupil of Jean-L.Barro, and playwrights such as Jean Genet, Beckett, C. and P. Weiss. After the English translation of his main works of theater and its double (La Thtre et son double, . 1958) Arto impact was felt in the most radical British and American troupes, . especially in the works of P. Brook (staging Weiss, Marat / Sad) and the U.S. 'Living tietr',
. In the 1920's - early 1930's Artaud was associated with various experimental troupes, . received in 1927-1929 is almost unique for his entire life to try out their principles on the stage by Alfred Jarry, . one of the founders of which he was,
. Paris Ballet to tour the island of Bali made a great impression on him as an example of udavshegosya nonverbal theater. Shortly after the trip to Mexico in 1936, Artaud was declared insane and spent the next nine years in psychiatric hospitals. Although he continued to write, almost completed its work in 1937. Artaud died in 1948.