ASORIN (Azorn)( Spanish writer and literary critic.)
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Biography ASORIN (Azorn)
Real name - Jose Martinez Ruiz (Jos Martinez Ruiz). Born in Monovare (province of Alicante). His work is inextricably linked with the 'generation of 1898' - the ideological and artistic direction in the Spanish culture, 20 in. In 1924 Asorin became a member of the Spanish Royal Academy of Literature and Language.
Literary career began as a sharp, merciless critic, close to anarchism. During this period Asorin published books Literary Criticism in Spain (La crtica literaria en Espaa, 1893), Literary Anarchists (Anarquistas literarios, 1895) and An Inconvenient criticism (Crtica discordante, 1897). However, by 1900 the writer departs from the violent overthrow and publishes a marked spirit of building a collection of essays heart of Castile, 1600-1800 (El alma castellana, 1600-1800, 1900) and Hidalgo (Los hidalgos, 1900). In these books the first time there is a theme that will determine all further work Asorina: Castile and Castilian peasant as the embodiment of Spanish national character. Later, this idea will be embodied in art of the writer - in the books of Will (La voluntad, . 1902), . Asorin Antonio (Antonio Azorn, . 1903) and Confessions of a young philosopher (Las confesiones de un pequeo filsofo, . 1903), . united by a common hero (Antonio Asorin, . this name was the pseudonym of the writer),
. Creatively place by this time, Asorin publishes collections of travel essays Village (Los pueblos, 1904), Dear Don Quixote (La ruta de Don Quijote, 1905), Spain: people and landscapes (Espaa: hombres y paisajes, 1909), Castilla (Castilla , 1912). In these books allegedly claimed in the second period of his work national credo: Castilian land has a soul, and Castilla symbolizes Spain, with all its villages and peoples.
Asorina attempt to revive the past in his critical essays suggests that he has chosen a new path: Asorin returns to the novel, but it carries no realistic form, but some mythical universal. Asorin publishes novels Don Juan (traditions. - Don Juan; Don Juan, 1922) and Doц¦a InцLs (Doa Ins, 1925). From the standpoint of its main creative installation - 'return' past in the present - are treated Asorinom historical characters, and even supernatural beings, the same principles embodied in his later novels - Felix Vargas (Flix Vargas, . 1928) and Superrealizm (Superrealismo, . 1929),
. After 1939 his thoughts again and wholly owned by Spain in the indissoluble interweaving of past and present. Asorin died in Madrid on March 2, 1967.