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Maimonides

( Prominent Jewish philosopher, theologian and physician.)

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Biography Maimonides
(Maimonides; present. name Mosheben Maimon,
Arabic. Abu 'Imran Musa ibn Maimon ibn' Ubayd Allah)
(30.03.1135, 13:00, Cordoba, Spain - 13.12.1204, Fustat, near Cairo)
In 1148, Mr.. because of religious persecution, settled in Morocco, then to Palestine and Egypt (1165). Most of his works were written in Cairo. In his philosophical works tried to rationalize Judaism, connecting it with the philosophy of Aristotle. Even after the death of M. He was declared a heretic, in 1234, Mr.. Inquisition burned his books, and the name of M. was anathema. Artworks M. had a significant impact on the development of scholasticism XIII - XV centuries.

M. knew astrology. In 1194, Mr.. He wrote a long letter concerning questions of astrology, in response to questions he received from the Jewish community of Marseilles. In 1555, Mr.. Jewish text of this letter and its Latin translation was published under the title "De astrologia ... epistola ". At the beginning of the letter M. claims that he reads every book on astrology, which only meets in Arabic. He further writes that all philosophers have come to the conclusion (and the Jewish sages of the past disagreed with them) that everything that exists on earth was embodied by God with power coming from the celestial spheres and stars. So M. believes that astrology is not contrary to Jewish law.

Literature:
1. Thorndike L. A History of Magic and Experimental Science during the First Thirteen Centuries of Our Era. Vol. II.
2. RoE.


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