Manetho of Sebennita( Egyptian priest, historian and astrologer end IV - 1-st half of III. BC)
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Biography Manetho of Sebennita
M. was high priest at Heliopolis, the secretary of the Egyptian temples. Under his auspices, the founder of the dynasty of the Ptolemies in Egypt, Ptolemy I Soter (305 - 282) was introduced as the cult of Serapis the god of the capital of Egypt, Alexandria. Judging from the remnants of tablets, miraculously survived after the defeat of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina, M. appointed the founder of this library by Ptolemy II Philadelphus (282 - 246) as the browser stars ". He was commissioned to draw up a calendar and to the annals of Egypt. M. written in Greek. Basic History of Egypt "M. covered the period from the mythical beginnings to the 30 th dynasty (343 g. BC). That M. introduced the division of the history of Egypt in Dynasty. From this his work preserved passages cited in the works of Flavius Josephus, Eusebius, and George Sinkella.
From the astrological works of M. has a large astrological poem "Apotelesmatika" (in 6 books). In III or IV in. BC. poem was translated into Sanskrit. In Europe, "Apotelezmatika" was best known for its publication in 1698 by Jacques Granoviem g. Many researchers believe that "Apotelesmatika" not written in Moscow, a certain astrologer I - II in. BC, who took as an alias name M. In any case, the author of this poem, whoever he was, gives the data of his horoscope, which correspond to the position of the planets 28 (or 27) of 80 g. BC. (approximately two hours after sunset): Sun, Venus, Jupiter and Mercury in Gemini, Moon and Saturn in Aquarius, Mars in Cancer, Centaur in the middle of the sky (ie. MC in Libra). In addition, M. as an astrologer first mentioned only the author of V in. Hephaestion.
In the III - IV century. BC. translated into Sanskrit texts of the Greek astrological astrologist Manitthi (Manittha). Perhaps this transcription of the M., but the analysis of texts shows their complete contrast to the known compositions M.
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