His Holiness the Dalai Lama
- the embodiment of the Bodhisattva of compassion Avalokiteshvara, the Great Teacher
. Prayer of His Holiness the Dalai Lama
. (in Tibetan)
. Ganges-tory ra-wei Gore-tions Shing-ham Cen
. Pan-DANG DE-va ma lui zhung-tions Nei
. Reng-paradise-sig-Wang Tan-zine jna-COMI
. Shub-Bad Sri-Thai bar do Tan-gyur-annealing
. (in Russian)
. Abide forever lotus feet
. The Dalai Lama
, the embodiment of Avalokiteshvara,
. The source of all wealth and happiness,
. In this country, surrounded by snow-capped mountains!
. Curriculum Vitae
. His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso (Ocean holder exercises) was born July 6, 1935 (the year of the Tree of pigs according to the Tibetan calendar) in a small village called Taktser Dokham in the north-eastern Tibet
. His father and mother Choykon Sonam Tsering Tsomo (its name was later changed to Diki Tsering) were simple peasants. At birth he was given the name Lhamo Dhondrup.
In his autobiography, 'My land and my people,' His Holiness wrote: 'If I was born into a wealthy aristocratic family, I could not feel the feelings and aspirations of the poor Tibetans. But thanks to his humble origin, I can understand them, anticipate their thoughts, and that is why I am so compassionate to them and always tried to do everything possible to alleviate their lot. "
In 1909, Mr.. Dalai Lama
XIII during the pilgrimage to places associated with Jae Tszonhavoy, visited the village of Taktser. He noted the beauty of this place and said that he would go back again. In 1937, Mr.. village Taktser came a special group of lamas
, to seek a new rebirth of the Dalai Lama
. In his book, 'My land and my people,' Dalai Lama
XIV, recalls: 'Young children who are degeneration, usually remember things and people out of their previous lives
. Some of them can read religious texts, though no one has taught this. All that I said Lama
, gave him reason to believe that he finally found a rebirth that is sought. " After an appropriate test of four Lhamo Dhondrup was considered degenerate Dalai Lama
XIII. The eastern region of Tibet, where was the village Taktser, was under the control of China. After lengthy negotiations between the Tibetan government and local authorities, in October 1939. His Holiness left the house his parents and went to Lhasa. Ceremony of His enthronement took place on February 22, 1940.
. His Holiness Tenzin Gyatso, was trained in the traditional system in the Potala, and Nor-bu Lynge, its winter and the summer residence of His Holiness the Dalai Lama
XIV were two official mentor - Yongzin Ling Rinpoche and Yongzin Trichang Rinpoche
. In his training program consisted of 'five big' and 'five small Sciences' 'Five big science' - is the logic, Tibetan art and culture, Sanskrit, medicine. Buddhist philosophy. 'Five small science' - it's poetry, music and drama, astrology, and literature.
. At the age of 24 years, His Holiness was taking the preliminary examinations for the degree of Doctor of Theology in the three major monastic universities: Drepung Monastery (founded in 1416), Sir (1419), Gan-den (1409)
. Final exam he took in the Jokhang - the first Buddhist temple in Tibet, founded in 641. Examinations were traditionally confined to the annual New Year's Monlamu, the largest prayerful celebration. On the morning of the test day, he took exams in the logic of thirty scientists. In the afternoon, His Holiness took part in a philosophical dispute with fifteen scientists. Evening thirty-five scientists examined a His on monastic discipline and metaphysics. His Holiness the Dalai Lama
XIV brilliantly passed examinations in the presence of 20 000 scientists, monks, and received a doctorate in theology (Geshe Lharamba).
In 1949, Mr.. deteriorated sharply Tibetan-Chinese relations. The Chinese government has insisted that Tibet is part of China. Expressing the view of his people, the Dalai Lama
wrote: "Since 1912. before the fatal 1950 g. Tibet was a de facto state, independent of any other power, and our status to this day remains the same as in 1912 ' In 1950, Mr.. Chinese troops invaded Eastern Tibet, which further complicated the situation. October 26, 1950, Mr.. India's Foreign Ministry in Beijing has sent the following note: 'Now, . when the Chinese government invaded Tibet, . unlikely to be reconciled with these developments, the peace talks, . and, . naturally, . of Tibetans fear will, . that these negotiations will be under pressure,
. In the present status of the invasion of Chinese troops in Tibet can not be considered except as a depressing event, inconsistent with the interests of China itself, in establishing peace in the region. So says the Indian government. "
In 1956, Mr.. extraordinary session of the National Assembly of Tibet appealed to His Holiness, who was at that time 16 years, with a request to assume full spiritual and temporal power. Driven by the Buddhist idea of non-violence, he devoted himself to the struggle for peace, prosperity and welfare of Tibetan Buddhism, the people. In his book, 'My land and my people,' the Dalai Lama
XIV wrote: 'I am a staunch follower of the teachings of nonviolence, which was first preached by the Buddha, whose wisdom is absolute and undeniable. This doctrine practiced an outstanding public figure of India, Mahatma Gandhi, St.. I am categorically opposed to any attempt to regain our freedom by force of arms. "
In 1954, His Holiness visited China at the invitation of the Chinese Government. In 1956 he traveled to India, . to take part in the celebration of 2500 anniversary of the birth of the Buddha, . where he met with Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Chinese Prime Minister Zhou En-lai, . to discuss the situation, . prevailing in eastern Tibet.,
. March 10, 1959 in Lhasa, there were armed clashes between units of the Chinese army and local population
. To avoid bloodshed, the Dalai Lama
, who has always proceeded from the concept of nonviolence, was forced to leave Lhasa. The Government and people of India hospitably took the Dalai Lama
and seventy-eight thousand of his spiritual followers. Since 1960, His Holiness lives in India, in Dharamsala (Himachal Pradesh). This city is often referred to as 'the little Lhasa'. His Holiness is doing everything possible, . India to preserve the treasures of Tibetan civilization, . which was almost completely destroyed in Tibet in the period from 1955 to 1979: 99% monastery was completely destroyed, . destroyed countless works of Buddhist art and monuments of literature, . long time under a ban was the religion itself.,
. Unlike his predecessors, His Holiness has traveled to countries in East and West
. He visited 41 countries, met with political leaders, clergy, cultural figures, businessmen. Wherever he played, he is everywhere spoken of his belief in the unity of humanity, the sense of responsibility for the fate of everyone around the world. In 1973, the Dalai Lama
met with Pope Paul VI, several times with Pope John Paul II.
Ever since the seventies, when the Dalai Lama
XIV was the first time to travel to Western countries, followed by its fame as an outstanding scientist and fighter for peace. His Holiness has issued 17 of its books, including works on Buddhist philosophy and autobiographical essays, speeches and articles. One of which is called "Freedom in Exile". Among his other works: "Opening the Eyes of Understanding" (an overview of Tibetan Buddhism), "Opening the inner eye," "humane approach to world peace"; Kindness., . Clarity and Understanding (collection of lectures); "Kalachakra Tantra", "Path to Freedom", "Awakening of Consciousness, . Coverage of the Heart. "Many universities in the world bestowed him an honorary doctorate for his work on Buddhist philosophy.,
. His Holiness the XIV Dalai Lama
drew worldwide attention his modesty and devotion to the idea of nonviolence
. He has always stood for mutual understanding between nations and followers of different religions of the world. In his famous speech 'Universal Responsibility and mercy' (1973) He said: 'The need of simple human interaction is becoming more and more needed ... Today the world has become closer and more dependent on each. National issues can not be solved completely by one country. Thus, if there is no sense of personal responsibility for all, there is a threat to our survival. In essence, the responsibility for all - is the ability to feel the suffering of others as well as you feel their pain. Should be understood that our enemies also motivates the idea of finding happiness. All living beings want the same things we want and we will. " Not just special award recognizes his efforts in the fight for freedom and peace.
. In 1989, the 14 th Dalai Lama
was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his contribution to the liberation of Tibet from Chinese rule through peaceful means, through the signing of the treaty with China.
. Despite continuing disagreements between China and Tibet, and the fact that the Dalai Lama
is not officially recognized by the Chinese authorities can not reject the political weight and authority of this leader
. Dalai Lama
- the author of many books on Buddhism, the Tibetan philosophy and medicine, the author's own autobiography. It is thanks to him, his academic and journalistic activities Tibet became a place of pilgrimage for many Europeans, including many celebrities, such as Richard Gere and Boris Grebenshchikov. And Buddhism, Tibetan medicine and Tibetan cuisine - it just hits of the season!
In Russian published the following works of His Holiness:
Tibet Buddhism. Nartang, 1991.
Freedom in Exile. Nartang, 1992.
Kindness, clarity and intuition. M., 1993.
Politics of kindness / / Path to yourself. 1995. N3.
Compassion and universal responsibility. M.: Nartang, "bright light" and the Center of Tibetan Culture and Information, 1995.
The path of bliss. A practical guide to stages of meditation / / Path to yourself. 1995. N5, N6.
My Tibet / Publishing. "Inward Path". 1995.
The World of Tibetan Buddhism. Nartang, 1996.
The power of compassion / / Path to yourself. 1996. N4, N5.
Harmony of the Worlds. Petersburg.: "Bright Light", 1996.
Life on Earth. Lectures and articles on ecology / Center for Tibetan culture and information. M., 1996.
. Interviews in Bodh Gaya, 1981 - 1985 gg.Buddizm Tibet.