Ruz was born on April 13, 1926 in the town of Biran Cuban province of Oriente. His father, immigrant workers from Spain, had already owned a large sugar plantation.
Since 6 years he studied in Catholic schools. Attended a Jesuit college in Santiago de Cuba and Havana. Parallel in sports. In 1944 he was named the best athlete the school.
In 1945 he entered the law faculty of the University of Havana. He took an active part in the revolutionary student movement. In 1947, Mr.. participated in the expedition to the Dominican Republic to assist in the overthrow of the dictatorship of Trujillo. In 1950 graduated from university and began his private practice of law in Havana, in particular, conducted the poor for free.
. In the early 50-ies joined the Party of the Cuban people and became one of the leaders of its left wing.
. In 1952, General Fulgencio Batista overthrew the government of President Carlos Sakarrosa
. Batista, Fidel Castro
has accused of violating the Constitution, but the court did not consider his petition. Then July 26, 1953 Castro
organized an armed attack on the Moncada army barracks in Santiago de Cuba. The operation was extremely unfortunate, half of the attackers was killed, Fidel Castro
and his brother Raul jailed. They were released on a general amnesty in May 1955.
Gone to Mexico, where he organized the Movement July 26, in memory of the storming of the Moncada barracks. The aim of the movement was to overthrow the Batista dictatorship.
December 2, 1956, Mr.. headed by an armed detachment of 82 men who had landed in Cuba in Oriente province. The landing was unsuccessful, the detachment was ambushed, only 12 people survived. They formed the nucleus of the Rebel Army, launched a guerrilla war in the mountains of Sierra Maestra. The number of Army reached 800 people, they scored victory after victory. January 1, 1959, Mr.. dictator Batista fled the country and the army joined Castro
In February 1959, became prime minister of the Revolutionary Government of Cuba. In May 1959 headed the National Institute of Agrarian Reform in 1961 - the Central Planning Board. He began the nationalization of private property of U.S. citizens, located in Cuba. Establish diplomatic relations with the USSR and other socialist countries. After that, the U.S. severed diplomatic relations with the Castro
. Direct military operations to defeat the detachment of Cuban immigrants, supported by the U.S., which landed in the south of Cuba in April 1961
. Cuba agreed to make a base for Soviet missiles, resulted in a Cuban missile crisis in October 1962.
. He became a convinced Marxist
. In 1965 was founded the Communist Party of Cuba (CPC), and Castro
became First Secretary of the CPC Central Committee. Followed the example of other socialist states in domestic policy. Nationalized industry, the collectivization of agriculture, has established a number of social benefits for workers and peasants. Support the revolutionary movement in other countries in Latin America. Many members of the middle strata of the population emigrated from the country.
. Because of Castro
's Cuba policy has become largely dependent on the USSR and the collapse of the latter in 1991 led to severe economic consequences for Cuba.
. Cuban coin, 1 peso
. "Fidel Castro
and Pope John Paul II at a meeting in the Vatican"
. He was married to Diaz-Balart, divorced
. Has 7 children. Fidel Castro and Marita Lorenz: Love outside the law