Rtishchev Fyodor Mikhailovich( One of the remarkable figures of Muscovy XVII century.)
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Biography Rtishchev Fyodor Mikhailovich
1625 - 1673
Settling in 2 miles from Moscow, he began to live like a hermit and his property to give to the poor. Rumors about his philanthropy reached Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, who brought him home, elevated to the rank postelnichego. Using the patronage of the king and the patriarch Joseph, P. in place of its original settlement built Spasopreobrazhensky monastery (now disbanded), opened the school, where he "taught Slavic languages and Greek, to the verbal rhetoric of science and philosophy" caused by the monks of the Kiev. This college in 1685 was transferred to Zaikonospassky monastery and served as a grain of Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy. Teachers (among them were Archimandrite. Dionysius and Epiphany Slavinetsky) P. encouraged to translations from Greek into Slavic, and Epiphanius persuaded to make the Slavic-Greek dictionary. Approximately 1650 P. established outside the city hotel for the poor, during the famine in Vologda, . having no money, . sold their clothes and expensive vessels and some money to help victims; residents Arzamas gave free their forest cottages; participating in the war with the Poles and Lithuanians, . particularly cared for the wounded, . as their, . and foreign,
. Envy and enemies in the P. There were many, he was accused of "rushenii" Orthodox faith (P. pointed to the need to address the many irregularities had crept into the church service and the statute), but, thanks to the intercession Morozova, the king not only paid attention to it, but even made P. Head of falconry (there is news that P. written charter falconry). The second time enemies, calling him "zlotvortsem" wanted to kill him, and he survived only in the chambers of the king, who even brought him to her, making him the tutor of his son Alexis. Among detractors P. was the patriarch Nikon, whom he advised not to intervene in worldly affairs. Dying, he bequeathed to let go of his servants at will and not to oppress the peasants. Letter to him from Polotsk Ievlevicha abbot and his greeting speech the same P. printed in "Ancient Russia Vivliofike (h. III). Wed. his "Life" in "Ancient Russia Vivliofike" (t. XVIII) and Article. A. Tereshchenko in "Son of the Fatherland", 1856,? 33.