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AZIKIWE Nnamdi (Azikiwe Nnamdi)

( First President of Nigeria.)

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Biography AZIKIWE Nnamdi (Azikiwe Nnamdi)
(1904-1996)
He was born in Sanger (Nigeria) 16 November 1904. In 1925 Azikiwe went to study in the U.S., graduated from Storer College (pc. Virginia), where he received a bachelor of arts degree and then a Master of Arts in Political Science at the University of Lincoln (pc. Pennsylvania), the certificate of journalists at Columbia University and the title of Master of Science in Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1934 Azikiwe returned to Africa and became editor of the daily newspaper in Accra (Gold Coast, modern. Ghana). In 1937 wrote a book resurgent Africa (Renascent Africa), to influence the ideas of the African national movement. After returning to Nigeria in 1937 founded the newspaper in Lagos 'West Afriken Pilot' ( 'West African Pilot'), which played an important role in the political history of the country.
In 1944 Azikiwe, together with Herbert Macaulay, 'the father of the Nigerian national movement', created the National Council of Nigeria and Cameroon. In 1953, Azikiwe became the chief minister and then premier of Eastern Nigeria, and his main political rivals, Obafemi Awolowo and Ahmadu Bello, took similar positions in Western and Northern Nigeria. In 1960, when the Federation of Nigeria gained its independence, Azikiwe supported the candidacy of another leader of the northerners, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, the Prime Minister, and he became chairman of the Senate, then Governor-General and in 1963 - the President of Nigeria.

A military coup led to the disintegration of the federation in January 1966. When in 1967 Eastern Nigeria attempted to secede and form a Republic of Biafra, Azikiwe had diplomatic support to separatists. However, in 1969 he withdrew from the movement for the formation of Biafra and made for a unified Nigeria. In 1979, after the resumption of political parties, Azikiwe was nominated by the Nigerian People's Party for the presidency of the Second Republic, but lost the election. Azikiwe died in eastern Nigeria, May 11, 1996.


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    AZIKIWE Nnamdi (Azikiwe Nnamdi), photo, biography
    AZIKIWE Nnamdi (Azikiwe Nnamdi), photo, biography AZIKIWE Nnamdi (Azikiwe Nnamdi)  First President of Nigeria., photo, biography
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