Johann Kaspar Aquila (Aquila Johann Kaspar)( German religious reformer)
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Biography Johann Kaspar Aquila (Aquila Johann Kaspar)
Born August 7, 1488 in Augsburg. Educated in Italy, Switzerland and at the universities of Leipzig and Wittenberg. In August 1514 became a pastor in Bern. In 1514-1516 he served as chaplain in the army of Franz von Zikingena during his campaign to Worms and Metz, and then appointed a priest in Engen (near Augsburg). When Aquila moved to the side of Luther, he was arrested on the orders of the Bishop of Augsburg. After the liberation of the Jewish language taught at Wittenberg University. Aquila met with Luther, who was assisted in the translation of the Jewish Bible. In 1527 he was appointed pastor in Saalfeld, and soon after that - the Protestant bishop of this city. Aquila attended the Diet of Augsburg (1530). In 1548, made a sharp criticism of a so-called. Augsburg interima (Imperial Act 1548, permits the Protestant communion under two species, and pastors to marry), which restored him against the Emperor Charles V; as a result he was forced to seek refuge in Rudolstadt. In 1550 he was appointed rector of the school in Schmalkalden, and in 1552 returned to his episcopal chair. Died Aquila in Saalfeld November 12, 1560.