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Albrecht (Albrecht)

( Archbishop and Elector of Mainz)

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Biography Albrecht (Albrecht)
(1490-1545)
(also known as Albert of Mainz, Albrecht von Brandenburg). The youngest son of Johann Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg, from a sort of Hohenzollern, Albrecht was born in Berlin on June 28, 1490. Although Albrecht received secular education, . in 1513 he became archbishop of Magdeburg and administrator of the diocese Galbershtadtskogo, . and in 1514 - the Archbishop and Elector of Mainz, . being contrary to all rules of the church previous posts were reserved for him,
. In 1518 became a cardinal. To refund, . borrowed from the Fugger banking house to pay for the Archbishop of Mainz Department (Albrecht did not get out of debt throughout the life), . Albrecht made by Pope Leo X permission to sell indulgences to cover debt, . with the proviso, . that half the proceeds of sale will go to Rome (for the construction of the Cathedral of St.,
. Peter).

Trade has been entrusted with indulgences by Johann Tetzel, who led her to such cynicism, that is what led Martin Luther to publish his famous 95 theses, which were the prelude to the Reformation. Initially, the Reformation, Albrecht treated leniently, . and from his friendship with Ulrich von Guttenom could even conclude, . that he is inclined to Protestantism, . but later, . though, and forced some concessions, . he served on the Reformation, the toughest position,
. In 1540 Albrecht was the first Germanic rulers hosted the Jesuits, and at the end of life lost in the north of Germany, almost all supporters and friends who joined the Reformation. Albrecht was one of the prominent rulers of the Renaissance, was a friend of Erasmus and other humanists, whose side won the debate in connection with the letter of dark people who patronized the arts and sciences. Albert died in Mainz, September 24, 1545.


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