ANICHKOV Dmitry( Russian philosopher and publicist.)
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Biography ANICHKOV Dmitry
Born in the family clerk of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra. He graduated from Trinity Theological Seminary. In 1755 he entered the Moscow University. In his student years, published a series of translations and his own theological essay Discourse on the immortality of the human soul. In 1762 Anichkov received a master's degree, and in 1765 headed the Department of Philosophy and Logic. In 1760-1770-s read and published numerous mathematical courses, as well as translations of famous European scientists. Philosophy course originally read them in Latin, on the basis of German textbooks, whose authors were mostly followers of H. Wolf. From the year 1767 Anichkov started reading course in Russian (a word that this world is a clear proof of the wisdom of God, and that it did not happen by chance, 1767). In 1769, presented to the thesis defense argument from natural theology of the early occurrence of natural theology and. However, the defense did not take place: in professorial circles and in church circles in the dissertation saw dissent and perhaps even atheism (of particular discontent caused numerous quotations from Petronius and Lucretia).
In 1770 Anichkov begin reading Russia's first philosophical ethics courses ( 'teachings on morality and ethics'). In 1771 he was awarded the title of extraordinary professor in 1777 - the title of professor of logic, metaphysics, and pure mathematics. Anichkov was a permanent member of the Free Rossiyskogo meeting at Moscow University. In some writings 1770-ies followed the principles of theistic world-views and criticized the philosophical speculation, . they are not relevant: On the immateriality of the human soul and its immortality thereof is happening (1777), . On the vicissitudes of the concept of human, . originating in excess of Hope, . placed on the feelings (1779) and others,
. Criticism of 'extremes' sensationalism combined with his refutation rationalist 'passion', such as word treatise on the properties of human cognition and the means that protect the mind of death from various fallacies (1770).
Anichkov died in Moscow 1 (12) May 1788.