ARAFAT Yasser (Arafat Yasir)( President of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).)
Comments for ARAFAT Yasser (Arafat Yasir)
Biography ARAFAT Yasser (Arafat Yasir)
(p. 1929), and Abu Amar
Born in Jerusalem, grew up in Gaza. He studied civil engineering at Cairo University, where he headed the League of Palestinian Students (1952-1956). Member events during the Suez Crisis of 1956. In the late 1950's lived in Kuwait and participated in the creation of Fatah since the beginning of 1960 has conducted terrorist operations against Israel. Since 1965 and especially after the victory of Israel in the Arab-Israeli War of 1967 within the Palestinian resistance movement, a struggle between those, . who hoped to help the Arab, . and those, . who, . like Arafat, . defended the principle of the independence movement,
. In 1969 Arafat as leader of the most powerful faction Fatah, was elected chairman of the PLO.
Under the leadership of Arafat, the PLO established a set of political, socio-economic and educational institutions in Lebanon and other places of residence of the Palestinian diaspora. Arafat's main effort has focused on the problem of international recognition of the rights of Palestinians and the PLO as their legitimate representative of the. He was committed to a diplomatic solution to the problem of Palestine, but at the time of his proposals were unacceptable to the Palestinian National Council (PNC).
At the end of 1960 Arafat has supported calls for the PSP to pursue a secular democratic state on all Palestinian territory, which meant the beginning of a guerrilla war against Israel. After the Arab-Israeli War of 1973, this strategy lost its meaning, and in 1974 the NPC decided that a Palestinian state can be created in any part of Palestine.
The Palestinian uprising in late 1987 on the Israeli-occupied West Bank p. Jordan and the Gaza Strip has led to resume diplomatic efforts to resolve the conflict. Arafat won the support of the PSP and in November 1988 introduced the international community, a resolution providing for the establishment of two states and the recognition of the PLO. See. as Israel. United States insisted that the PLO should formally recognize the legitimacy of the state of Israel and renounce terrorism. After the murder of two vice-Arafat, . Abu Jihad (Israeli saboteurs in April 1988) and Abu Iyad (unidentified killers in January 1991), . in the PLO leadership rifts, . forcing Arafat to establish more stringent personal control over the activities of the organization,
Arafat's position on the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990 and the Gulf War in 1991 led to international isolation of the leader of the PLO. Political allies in the Gulf emirates and Saudi Arabia condemned Arafat for failing to speak out against the invasion and in support of Iraq. In October 1991 in Madrid began a series of bilateral Arab-Israeli negotiations.
The spring of 1993 was much discussed formula 'first Jericho and Gaza'. Negotiations between the PLO and Israel in Oslo that led to a peace agreement on Sept. 10, 1993 and the formal handshake on the lawn of the White House Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on Sept. 13, 1993. The first phase of the agreement entered into force in May 1994, when Israel withdrew from most of Jericho and Gaza. Arafat returned to Gaza to create an interim government. In 1994, Arafat, Rabin and Israeli Foreign Minister Peres were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In January 1996, in Palestine held its first elections.
After earning 88% of the vote, Arafat was elected president of the Autonomous Government of Palestine. But relations with the Government of Israel continued to remain tense following the assassination of Rabin in November 1995 and the election of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who held a hard line on the West Bank. During 1997 and 1998 peace talks continue, . that have not brought any significant rezultatov.Usiliya Clinton and the election of new Prime Minister Ehud Barak (May 1999) resulted in the temporary easing of tensions between Palestinians and Israelis, . but in 2000 began a new round of extremely sharp opposition of the Palestinians and Israelis.,