ARISTIDE Jean Bertman (Aristide, Jean-Bertrand)( President of Haiti.)
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Biography ARISTIDE Jean Bertman (Aristide, Jean-Bertrand)
Born July 15, 1953 in Port-Salut in the southern part of Haiti. He was educated at the Salesian Order in Haiti and the Dominican Republic, in 1982 became the priest. He clashed with the hierarchy of the local Catholic church because of its bellicose sermons. In December 1988, was expelled from the Salesian Order of presentation of the Haitian Conference of Bishops and with the approval of the Vatican. Asked for the restoration and was allowed to perform ceremonies.
In August 1987, three months before the elections, Aristide and his supporters have been assassinated, and the elections themselves were frustrated supporters JC Duvalier and the military junta. A year later, during the Mass in the Church of St. John Bosco was killed 13 parishioners, which caused outrage in the country. In elections in 1990, Aristide had received more than 67% of votes.
As president, Aristide tried to purge the corrupt bureaucracy, but an attempt to reform the army over the overthrow of the president on Sept. 29, 1991 during the bloody military coup led by R. Cedro. Aristide has appealed to the UN and the Organization of American States to save democracy in Haiti. 30 October 1993 agreed to predlozhennny UN and OAS plan, . which declared amnesty, . military structure remained unchanged, . Cedras went into retirement and guarantee the presence of UN observers in the country and U.S. military trainers,
. In October 1993, Aristide asked the UN General Assembly and called for a 'complete and total blockade' of Haiti. In May 1994 the UN Security Council imposed the blockade on all goods except food, medicine and fuel for the needs of citizens. In July 1994, after a series of brutal murders of the Security Council with the approval of Aristide declared admissible the landing of UN forces in Haiti to restore the legitimate authority. September 17, U.S. troops landed in Haiti, October 10, Cedras resigned, and on 15 October Aristide returned to Port-au-Prince.
Aristide remained in office until the end of the aborted coup deadline. In 1996 left the presidency, which was occupied by RenцL PrцLval, a member of the Lavalas Party. In 1997, Aristide left the ranks of the Lavalas Party and formed an opposition party called 'Family Lavalas'. The new party has criticized the policy Prevala.