Sirimavo Bandaranaike (Bandaranaike Sirimavo)( Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (Ceylon).)
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Biography Sirimavo Bandaranaike (Bandaranaike Sirimavo)
Born April 17, 1916 in Ratnapura. Descendant of the ancient and wealthy landowning family, Sirimavo Ratvatte was educated in a Catholic monastery of St.. Bridget Colombo. In 1940 she married Solomon Bandaranaike. In 1959, after the murder of her husband, who became in 1956 the Prime Minister of Ceylon, has agreed to stand as a candidate for the by-election. In March 1960 the Freedom Party of Sri Lanka, whose chairman was Bandaranaike, won.
At the office of Prime Minister Bandaranaike took up the nationalization of foreign oil companies, as well as the development of a system of religious schools. When her party lost control of parliament in 1965, Bandaranaike became the leader of the opposition. In the elections of 1970 once again took the post of prime minister. The new government announced the recognition of North Vietnam and North Korea, nationalize all foreign banks have established a state monopoly on foreign trade. 22 May 1972 adopted a new constitution, on which Ceylon became an independent state within the Commonwealth - the Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Bandaranaike was sworn in as Prime Minister of the new state.
In the elections of 1977 the Conservatives came to power, and the Bandaranaike quit the post of prime minister, retaining a seat in parliament. In 1980, after the Supreme Court recognized Bandaranaike guilty of abuses, it has been denied the deputy's mandate and the right to engage in political activities. In 1986, was restored in their rights, elected to parliament and in 1989 became the leader of the opposition.
In August 1994, after the People's Alliance (left opppozitsionnaya coalition) won election to parliament, Prime Minister Bandaranaike was the daughter - Chandrika Kumaratunga. In November of that year, Chandrika was elected president and prime minister took Sirimavo Bandaranaike.