Frederick Grant Banting (Banting Frederick Grant)( Canadian physician and physiologist)
Comments for Frederick Grant Banting (Banting Frederick Grant)
Biography Frederick Grant Banting (Banting Frederick Grant)
In 1923 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (jointly with Dzh.Makleodom) for the discovery of insulin. November 14, 1891 in Alliston (Ontario, Canada). In 1916 he received a Bachelor of Medicine at the University of Toronto. In 1916-1919 he served in the Canadian Army in the Medical Corps, sent to Europe. For courage in assisting the wounded, was awarded the 'Cross of the Military'. After the war, continued his studies, and in 1922 received his doctorate in medicine. From 1921 he worked at the University of Toronto at the Department of Physiology (since 1923 a professor).
The main focus of Bunting internal secretion of the pancreas. His research he conducted in the laboratory Dzh.Makleoda at the Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, together with Charles Best, Dzh.Kollipom etc.. In 1921 Bunting reported receiving in a pure form of the hormone insulin secreted by islets of Langerhans of the pancreas. The first experiments to introduce the dogs received the drug with experimental diabetes have shown a sharp decline in the level of sugar in the blood of animals and improve the clinical picture. January 11, 1922 over the net and the active extract of insulin was introduced the first patient - a teenager, who suffered from severe diabetes. Receiving a positive effect, Banting and Best conducted similar tests on several patients. Following the publication of the opening Bunting insulin became widely used to treat diabetes and some other diseases, in particular schizophrenia (insulinokomatoznaya therapy).
In 1923, by the Administration, University of Toronto was created Department of Medical Studies. Bunting and Best, and in September 1930 in Toronto, was established, where he and his colleagues were engaged in studies of cancer, silicosis, coronary thrombosis, and later problems of aviation medicine. In 1934, Bunting was a Knight of the Order of the British Empire II degrees awarded to civilians. During the Second World War, worked on military value and regularly flew to the UK. Banting was killed in a plane crash in the area of Newfoundland February 21, 1941.