Fulgencio BATISTA (Batista Ruben Fulgencio)( President of Cuba.)
Comments for Fulgencio BATISTA (Batista Ruben Fulgencio)
Biography Fulgencio BATISTA (Batista Ruben Fulgencio)
(1901-1973), also Ruben Fulgencio Batista Zaldц-var-and-(Batista y Saldvar)
Born January 16, 1901 in the village of Banes (Oriente province). Coming from a peasant family, received his primary education in 20 years, enlisted. In 1931-1933 Batista participated in the conspiracy, emerging from the dictatorship of Gerardo Machado and-Morales. In September 1933 headed by a so-called. 'revolt of the sergeants' against Carlos Manuel de CцLspedes. Four months later, promoted to colonel, Batista overthrew the provisional president of Cuba, Ramon Grau San Martin and became the de facto ruler of the country with a puppet president. In 1940, retired from the army, declared his candidacy for the elections and was elected to the presidency. At the end of his term Batista went for re-election, was defeated and emigrated to the U.S. in 1944.
Three years later, Batista returned to Cuba. In the presidential election of 1952 once again put forward his candidature, but in March, shortly before the vote, anticipating the victory of President Carlos Prio Sokarrasa, a military coup. In April, Batista declared himself interim president, justifying their actions a desire to ensure conditions for free and fair elections. Imposed a regime of dictatorship and suppression of opposition.
Dissatisfaction with the Batista regime resulted in a guerrilla war led by Fidel Castro. Success guerrillas forced the dictator to refuse to participate in the elections 1958. Batista fled to the Dominican Republic, and then moved to Portugal. Emigration Batista has written a book of memoirs called Cuba, which betrayed (Cuba traicionada, 1962). Batista died in Marbella (Spain) 6 August 1973.