Batlle y Ordö¨ö¦ez, JosöL (Batlle y Ordez Jos)( President of Uruguay.)
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Biography Batlle y Ordö¨ö¦ez, JosöL (Batlle y Ordez Jos)
Born May 21, 1856 in Montevideo in the family of Lorenzo Batlle, President of Uruguay 1868-1872. Studied at the Faculty of the University of Montevideo and at the Sorbonne. In 1886 founded the newspaper 'El Dia' ( 'El Dia'). Journey in politics Batlle began in 1887 with the condemnation of the dictatorship Mö¦ximo Santos and calls to reform the management. After the fall of Santos was appointed head of the Department of Mines. In 1893 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies, and in 1896 - in the Senate. Became chairman of the Senate and leader of the party 'Colorado', uniting liberals. In 1903 he was elected President of Uruguay.
After finishing his term in 1907, visited a number of European countries, including Switzerland, familiarity with the system of government which has had a great influence on the development of his political views. In 1911 Batlle was re-elected president. Implemented a number of important socio-economic reforms: an 8-hour working day, a new law on pensions and the education system, etc.. Batlle has prepared a constitutional reform in 1830, based on the idea of replacing the personal power of the President the power of the collegial executive body. Although this idea was adopted only in part (in the form of 'double' the executive power - the President and the Executive Board), many of the other proposals Batlle reflected in the Constitution of 1918. Batlle pursued a policy of protectionism and has developed a system of control over the activities of private enterprises. Activities and concepts Batlle entered the history of the country under the name 'batlizm'. Died Batlle in Montevideo on October 20, 1929.