BAUER, Otto (Bauer Otto)( Leader of the Austrian Socialists before the Second World War.)
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Biography BAUER, Otto (Bauer Otto)
Born in Vienna on September 5, 1881 into a wealthy Jewish family. In his youth, was interested in socialist doctrine. In 1907 published a national question and the Austrian Social-Democratic Party (Die Nationalittenfrage und die sterreichische Sozialdemokratie). At the beginning of World War I fell into Russian captivity in 1917 he returned to Austria. From the left political positions, but was far from Bolshevism, considering the model of the Russian Revolution inapplicable to Austria. Bauer became the leader of the radical wing of the Austrian Social-Democratic Party, whose program included the elimination of the monarchy, the right to self-determination of all nationalities, including Germans. After becoming Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs of Austria in the first revolutionary government (November 11, 1918), Bauer unsuccessfully tried to implement the union of Austria and Germany, and even signed a secret treaty Anschluss on March 2, 1919. July 26, 1919, after the collapse of the coalition of Social Democrats and Christian Social Party, has resigned and led the Social Democratic opposition. Attempts to reconcile the two Austrian political parties, largely prevented the personal animosity Bauer and leader of the Christian Social Party I. Zeypelya. Bauer was one of the initiators of the 21 / 2, and then - the Socialist International, working. From 1929 to 1934 was a member of the State Council of Austria. In February 1934, after the failure of the socialist uprising in Vienna, he fled to Prague, then to France. Bauer died in Paris on July 4, 1938.